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Lo que mejor sienta a la juventud es la modestia, el pudor, el amor a la templanza y la justicia. Tales son las virtudes que deben formar su carácter.
Sócrates

Significado de a en el diccionario de español

Diccionario
DICCIONARIO
section

ETIMOLOGÍA DE LA PALABRA A

La palabra a tiene su procedencia en el latín ad; y también en el griego ἀ, privativo.
info
Se denomina etimología al estudio del origen de la palabras y sus cambios estructurales y de significado.
section

PRONUNCIACIÓN DE A

a play
A es una palabra aguda de 1 sílaba.
info
Las palabras agudas van acentuadas en la última sílaba.
section

CATEGORIA GRAMATICAL DE A

1
sustantivo
0
adjetivo
0
verbo
0
adverbio
0
pronombre
1
preposición
0
conjunción
0
interjección
0
artículo
A puede actuar como un sustantivo y una preposición.
info
El nombre o sustantivo es aquel tipo de palabras cuyo significado determina la realidad. Los sustantivos nombran todas las cosas: personas, objetos, sensaciones, sentimientos, etc.

La preposición es una categoría gramatical invariable, que no tiene significado propio y que sirve para relacionar términos.
section

QUÉ SIGNIFICA A EN ESPAÑOL

A

La A es la primera letra del alfabeto latino básico y de los alfabetos derivados del mismo, como el alfabeto español, así como de los alfabetos germanos. En el Alfabeto Fonético Internacional representa la vocal abierta anterior no redondeada /a/. En la ortografía de numerosas lenguas de escritura latina, como el español, tiene ese mismo valor. En español su nombre es femenino: la a y su plural es aes. La letra a representa un sonido universal, por lo que se encuentra a la cabeza de numerosas lenguas; excepciones importantes son el mongol y el tibetano, entre otros.

definitiondefinición de a en el diccionario español

En el diccionario castellano a significa carece de significación precisa. Amatar. Asustar. Avenar.
section

PALABRAS QUE EMPIEZAN COMO A

a
info
Estas palabras comparten la misma raiz que a. Haz clic en las palabras para cargar más información.

Sinónimos y antónimos de a en el diccionario español de sinónimos

Sinónimos
SINÓNIMOS
section

PALABRAS RELACIONADAS CON «A»

a primera letra alfabeto básico alfabetos derivados mismo como así germanos fonético internacional representa vocal abierta anterior redondeada ortografía numerosas lenguas escritura latina tiene valor nombre femenino plural sonido universal carece significación precisa amatar asustar avenar aprendiendo trabajar día clásico estudios sociología antropología aprenda interpretar dibujos este libro acerca lector estudio personalidad travžs interpretaci aprender amar nuevo rebuilding when your doctor bruce fisher especialista más años trabajo personas separadas divorciadas viudas aborda manera encarar manejar fuertes diversos sentimientos separación provoca desarrollo profesional docente cómo

Traductor en línea con la traducción de a a 20 idiomas

Traductor
TRADUCTOR
online translator
translator

TRADUCCIÓN DE A

Conoce la traducción de a a 20 idiomas con nuestro traductor multilingüe de español.
info
Las traducciones de a presentadas en esta sección han sido obtenidas mediante traducción automática estadística a partir del idioma español.

En el siguiente apartado puedes consultar las traducciones de a en el diccionario español-inglés así como el contexto en el que se emplean habitualmente mediante ejemplos de uso.
Chino Español Inglés Hindi Árabe Ruso Portugués Francés Alemán Japonés Coreano Vietnamita Italiano Polaco Ucraniano Rumano Griego Afrikáans Sueco Noruego
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idiomas  
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Traductor español - Chino

1.325 millones de hablantes
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es

Traductor español - Español

a
550 millones de hablantes
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en

Traductor español - Inglés

to
510 millones de hablantes
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hi

Traductor español - Hindi

से
380 millones de hablantes
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ar

Traductor español - Árabe

إلى
280 millones de hablantes
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для
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para
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à
220 millones de hablantes
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de

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auf
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ja

Traductor español - Japonés

130 millones de hablantes
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ko

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85 millones de hablantes
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Traductor español - Rumano

de
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el

Traductor español - Griego

να
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Traductor español - Afrikáans

te
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Traductor español - Sueco

till
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no

Traductor español - Noruego

til
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section

DICCIONARIO ESPAÑOL - INGLÉS

Conoce las traducciones de a en inglés y el contexto en el que se emplean habitualmente mediante ejemplos de uso.

ocultar
español a
  for ; per ; to.
 The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.
 Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
 Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
a + Adjetivo + escala 
on a + Adjetivo + scale
 Any library involved in this activity on a large scale could find such software very useful in ensuring accurate and comprehensive records.
a alguna parte 
someplace
 He was surprised that he couldn't find the earlier editions, which he expected certainly must be someplace because that book was based on an oration delivered by Emerson in the 1830s.
a alta presión  
high-pressured
high-pressure
 The effect was similar to using a high-pressured jet wash on your car.
 A high-pressure spray nozzle is used for descaling and cleansing, while a brush is used to remove stubborn deposits and rust..
a altas horas de la nocha 
in the wee hours (of the morning)
 Get up in the wee hours of the morning and head out into the country, far from the city lights so you can observe tomorrow's meteor shower.
a altas horas de la noche   
late at night
in the dead of night
in the small hours (of the morning)
 Seoul is one of the safest capital cities in the world, with a very low crime rate: even late at night pedestrians can wander safely around downtown = Seúl es una de las capitales más seguras del mundo, con una tasa de criminalidad muy baja: incluso a altas horas de la noche, los peatones pueden pasear sin peligro alguno por el centro de la ciudad.
 The article is entitled 'Blackbirds singing in the dead of night?: Advancing the craft of teaching qualitative research' = El artículo se titulo "¿Mirlos cantando en mitad de la noche? Promoción del oficio de enseñar la investigación cualitativa".
 My Jewish grandfather/mentor always tells me how he gets the most work done in the small hours of the morning before the rest of the world.
a alta velocidad  
at a high velocity
at a high speed
 This is because car accidents often occur at high velocities causing multiple injuries.
 The need to and demand for communication through data transfer at a high speed is gaining grounds with every passing day.
a ambas orillas del Atlántico  
on both sides of the ocean
on both sides of the Atlantic
 In the period between the copyright legislation of 1891 and that of 1957 resetting remained the normal practice on both sides of the ocean.
 The policy and legal questions on both sides of the Atlantic are remarkably similar.
a ambos lados de 
on either side of
 An alternative form of hose, probably invented in Holland in the earlier seventeenth century, took the form of an iron yoke on either side of the spindle in place of the wooden box = Una forma alternativa de matriz, inventada probablemente en Holanda a comienzos del siglo XVII, consistía en un yugo de hierro a ambos lados del husillo en lugar del cajón de madera.
a ambos lados del Altántico  
on both sides of the ocean
on both sides of the Atlantic
 In the period between the copyright legislation of 1891 and that of 1957 resetting remained the normal practice on both sides of the ocean.
 The policy and legal questions on both sides of the Atlantic are remarkably similar.
a ambos lados de + Lugar 
on both sides of + Lugar
 This goal was achieved to a greater or a lesser extent on both sides of the Alps.
a años luz de 
light years away from
 Community information services seem light years away from the kind of electronic wizardry that is held out as the brave new information world of tomorrow.
a bajas temperaturas 
at low temperature
 Anecdotal evidence indicates that pollen shed from anthers remains viable longer at low temperature and high relative humidity.
a bajo coste 
low-cost
 DOBIS/LIBIS is designed to give fast efficient, and low-cost assistance to librarians.
a bajo costo 
low-cost
 DOBIS/LIBIS is designed to give fast efficient, and low-cost assistance to librarians.
a bajo nivel 
low-level
 Low-level magnetic fields are used to deactivate and reactivate targets without damaging the contents of magnetic media such as audio and video tapes.
a bajo precio   
lower-cost
at a low price
on the cheap
 Following our examples, the neighbors decide that they can provide the lower-cost food service to the wider community by buying in even larger quantities, and in the process make a profit for themselves.
 They are unique because large volumes of data can be stored at a low price.
 The author provides a selected list of Internet sites covering various aspects of travel and tourism such as accommodation, restaurants, entertainment, travelling abroad, and touring on the cheap.
a base de  
in the form of
on a diet of
 Thesauri often boast an additional explicit statement of the structure of the relationships between terms in the form of categorised lists or displays.
 No true reader can be expected to grow on a diet of prescribed texts on regardless of how well chosen they are.
a base de carne 
meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.]
 Natural diets based on raw meaty bones promote the health of pets, the human economy and the natural environment but, I admit, I used to believe the opposite.
a base de cometer errores 
the hard way
 The article is entitled 'User needs the hard way: eighty-six simultaneous studies'.
a base de errores 
the hard way
 The article is entitled 'User needs the hard way: eighty-six simultaneous studies'.
a base de plantas 
plant-based
 A plant-based diet supports a sustainable world, by reducing the need for pasture land and subsequent pressure on forests.
a beber y a tragar que el mundo se va a acabar 
eat, drink and be merry (for tomorrow we die)
 Before we get down to business, let's eat, drink and be merry for tomorrow we die," the CEO said after everyone had arrived.
a boca de jarro   
at close range
point blank
at point-blank range
 The study described in this book examined at close range the experiences of 12 elementary school students.
 Something's telling me that an average murderer would get as close as a foot from the head, but not point blank.
 Five paramilitary troopers have been arrested for shooting a teenager to death, at point blank range in Pakistan.
a bocajarro   
point blank
at close range
at point-blank range
 Something's telling me that an average murderer would get as close as a foot from the head, but not point blank.
 The study described in this book examined at close range the experiences of 12 elementary school students.
 Five paramilitary troopers have been arrested for shooting a teenager to death, at point blank range in Pakistan.
a bombo y platillo  
fanfare
with a bang
 The recommendations were accepted without fanfare.
 The Cretaceous period was the heyday of the dinosaurs and ended with a bang!.
a borbotones 
in a gush
 During labour, the bag of water surrounding the baby in the womb often tears, and the water escapes through the vagina in a gush.
a bordo  
aboard
on board ship
 'All aboard the orientation express' is a programme to introduce children to the services provided by the library and teach them to use the microfiche catalogue.
 Life on board ship is not easy for anyone, least of all for a small child, who is deprived of nursery and toys at one fell swoop.
a bordo de  
aboard
onboard
 'All aboard the orientation express' is a programme to introduce children to the services provided by the library and teach them to use the microfiche catalogue.
 It offers onboard spell checking.
a bordo de un barco  
shipboard
on board ship
 This system will enable the medical personnel at a remote site to contact a physician at a diagnostic centre (ashore or shipboard) and transmit a visual and auditory presentation of the medical data needed for diagnosis.
 Life on board ship is not easy for anyone, least of all for a small child, who is deprived of nursery and toys at one fell swoop.
a buena hambre no hay pan duro  
beggars can't be choosers
beggars can't be choosy
 I'll take any love you think you can spare - beggars can't be choosers.
 They aren't exactly cheap nor are they exactly what I have been looking for but as they say beggars can't be choosy.
a buen recaudo  
in a safe place
in safekeeping
 Print this document and keep it in a safe place for future reference.
 She would hold it in safekeeping until they were both free of danger, healthy, and enjoying the life he had promised.
a caballo  
on horseback
astride
 The article is entitled 'Looking at flowers on horseback: a glimpse of the National Library of China'.
 No person shall ride upon a motorcycle as a passenger unless, when sitting astride the seat, the person can reach the footrests with both feet.
a caballo entre y  
astride... and...
half way between... and...
 It occupies 15 square miles on the shore of Lake Tiemblo, and because of its location astride major rail and highway facilities it is a center of industry and shopping.
 Sometime in the later eighteenth century an ingenious version of stereotyping called dabbing was developed, whereby a pattern of wood or metal was dabbed into the surface of a quantity of type-metal that was half way between its solid and its molten state; the dabbed metal was then used as a matrix for striking a copy of the original in similarly half-molten metal.
a caballo entre 
midway between
 The indicative abstract can thus be seen as occupying a place midway between the usual form of entries in an indexing service on the one hand and a fully developed abstracting service on the other.
a caballo regalado no le mires el diente   
never look a gift horse in the mouth
beggars can't be choosers
beggars can't be choosy
 There's an old saying, 'never look a gift horse in the mouth,' but in the world of freebie hunting this is not always a good policy.
 I'll take any love you think you can spare - beggars can't be choosers.
 They aren't exactly cheap nor are they exactly what I have been looking for but as they say beggars can't be choosy.
a cada instante 
by the second
 Espadrilles have been around since at least the 14th century, and they're gaining popularity by the second!.
a cada momento 
by the second
 Espadrilles have been around since at least the 14th century, and they're gaining popularity by the second!.
a cada rato    
every so often
every now and then
every now and again
every once in a while
 Every so often, the mist cleared and I could see sunlight in the distance.
 I can walk on that foot, but as you described, every now and then without warning, the foot and ankle give way.
 Every now and again, someone gets the fame they deserve.
 It does help to every once in a while ask where we came from and where we are going as a library.
a cambio  
in return
in exchange
 In return, the young librarian took it upon himself to design an entire section of the second floor to be the domain of young adult.
 If the musician's landlord were to throw a party and desire music for it, he could hire the musician to play it by offering the month's rent in exchange.
a cambio de   
in exchange for
in return for
in compensation for
 A number of libraries receive full sets of Library of Congress cataloguing records in exchange for certain cataloguing information.
 In practice, however, the gilds were federations of tradesmen who, in return for monopolistic privileges, co-operated with the government in its censorship of the press.
 If you receive a lump sum in compensation for the loss of employment, part of it may be tax free.
a cambio de nada 
for nothing
 This is not to say that scholarly authors are so altruistic that they are prepared to write books for nothing; indeed in my own researches I have come across situations where authors felt deeply about the way that publishers had treated them financially.
a cántaros  [Generalmente referido a la lluvia]
cats and dogs
 It was hailing cats and dogs the other day, and I was still tailgated by a moron in a large SUV (sport utilitarian vehicle).
a cappella  [Cantar sin acompañamiento musical]
a cappella
 Stanford currently boasts nine a capella groups.
a cargo 
in the saddle
 The article 'New Man in the saddle' outlines the plans of the new chief executive of Bertelsman publishers for restructuring the company.
a cargo de 
charged with
 An organization now exists, endowed by Ranganathan, and charged with the maintenance of the scheme now that he himself has died.
a cargo (de)  
in charge (of)
at the helm (of)
 The vice-president in charge of marketing services, Una Feaver, is responsible for media planning and buying, research, and sales promotion.
 With a new administration at the helm, prospects are good for a coordinated effort within the government to establish viable information management strategies for the 1990s.
a cargo de Alguien 
under supervision
 While scanning the area under supervision, the librarian may detect persons who appear restless or puzzled.
a cargo de las riendas 
in the saddle
 The article 'New Man in the saddle' outlines the plans of the new chief executive of Bertelsman publishers for restructuring the company.
a cargo del ayuntamiento 
local authority-run
 There are over 70 local authority-run consumer advisory services each handling an average of about 20,000 enquiries a year.
a cargo del gobierno  
government-operated
government-run
 This monograph traces the evolution of American public libraries from female, volunteer-run reading rooms to government-operated institutions.
 Both government-run programs and partially government-subsidized programs run by voluntary agencies such as Caritas and the YMCA are common.
a cargo de una sola persona 
one-man band
 This library housekeeping facility is aimed primarily at the small, one-man band type library.
a cargo de voluntarios 
volunteer-run
 This monograph traces the evolution of American public libraries from female, volunteer-run reading rooms to government-operated institutions.
a chorros  
profusely
in a gush
 As a result of the strange meal we all had everybody farted profusely all night long.
 During labour, the bag of water surrounding the baby in the womb often tears, and the water escapes through the vagina in a gush.
a ciegas    
blindfold
blindly
blindfolded
in the dark
 No president can go blindfold: some assistance is necessary.
 If experience is carefully analyzed and not blindly followed, it can be extremely useful.
 The study presented the narrative task to the children as a game in which they had to help a blindfolded interlocutor find out what happened in the stories.
 Perhaps instead of arguing, and rushing around in the dark, the time has come to follow our Danish and American friends and begin to find out what we are doing.
a ciencia cierta  
for sure
for certain
 It's been a tough decision, but now it's made, and I'm coming back for sure.
 One thing that is for certain is that the loss affects musicians, sound technicians, recording studios, and music stores.
a cientos 
by the hundreds
 Around its shrouded summit the regal birds wheeled by the hundreds, their plangent wails and cackles echoing off the black volcanic slopes.
a cierta distancia 
some distance away
 The computer, located centrally, services one or more libraries which may be located some distance away.
a cierta distancia de 
off
 The book focuses on the barrier reef off the coast of Belize.
a cierta distancia de la costa 
offshore
 Terminological consistency is a must for achieving satisfactory information flow onboard an oil platform, and between offshore field centres and onshore administration.
a cierta distancia del litoral 
offshore
 Terminological consistency is a must for achieving satisfactory information flow onboard an oil platform, and between offshore field centres and onshore administration.
a cobro revertido 
reverse charges
 If you have received it in error, please destroy it immediately and notify us (reverse charges) so we can correct the mistake.
a color 
multi-colour [multi-color, -USA]
 Those publications were crisp and clean, printed on heavy, glossy paper with multi-color graphics = Aquellas publicaciones eran claras y níticas, impresas en papel satinado y grueso con gráficos a color.
a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal  [Expresión usualmente acompañada del artículo]
early + Expresión Temporal, the
 Thus, UDC has been extensively employed in special libraries and information centres in locations all over the world since the early 1900s.
a comienzos de + Fecha  
in the early + Fecha
in the early part of + Fecha
 Online information retrieval services, which permit users to search data bases held on a computer many miles distant from the user and his terminal, started to develop in the late 1960s and the early 1970s.
 In the early part of the 20th century donations were received from William K. Bixby which led to the foundation of the rare book collection.
a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo  
by the turn of + Período de Tiempo
at the turn of + Período de Tiempo
 Let us jump ahead and describe the notebook computer that we are likely to see by the turn of the century.
 Radio transmission and reception was a new technology at the turn of the century = La transmisión y recepción por radio era una nueva tecnología al comienzo del siglo.
a conciencia    
deliberately
wilfully [willfully, -USA]
by design
on purpose
 Some categories of headings are deliberately omitted from Sears'.
 But we are not then acting quite so much out of blindness or inarticulateness; we are selfishly or fearfully or wilfully trying to short-circuit what we know underneath to be more nearly the true state of things.
 The victims had been herded onto a wooden landing craft by the captain of a Honduras-registered ship who then proceeded, by accident or design, to ram the craft, killing the majority of people aboard.
 Most consumers felt confident that once a letter is written and posted, no one will read it either accidently or on purpose except for the intended addressee.
a condición de que 
as long as
 Quite frequently a user will be satisfied with a few items on a topic, as long as they are relevant, and meet other criteria such as language, date and level.
a condición de que + Subjuntivo  
provided (that)
providing (that)
 Computers are reliable, and less prone to error provided they are instructed or programmed appropriately and correctly.
 Providing enough people are availabe via the system, then it will be used frequently.
a contenido enriquecido  [En catalogación, se utiliza para definir registros que además de incluir los datos bibliográficos básicos de un documento contienen el sumario, los índices, etc]
content-enriched
 Content-enriched access is defined as including information such as contents tables and book indexes, as well as standard bibliographic information, in a computerised system = El acceso de contenido enriquecido en un sistema automatizado se define como aquél que incluye información como, por ejemplo, sumarios e índices de libros además de la información bibliográfica normal.
a continuación      
next
then
in the following
herewith
hereinbelow
next up
 In each class the most significant facet is placed first, the next most significant next, and so on.
 A set of government publications could be filed alphabetically by the issuing bureau, and then by title of the particular series in numerical order.
 In fields unfamiliar to one, it is advisable to proceed according to the routine outlined in the following.
 Concepts and guidelines basic to the formulation of an acquisitions policy for continuations are herewith explained.
 Disclaimer: the events hereinbelow related are true, but took place several years ago.
 Next up it's the glitz and glamour of the famous Monaco Grand Prix where the racing is just a part of all the razzmatazz that goes with it.
a continuación se enumeran 
given below
 Given below are some of the display devices that have been incorporated into published thesauri.
a contracorriente 
against the grain
 There are many able people who are endeavouring to do the kind of things discussed in this article against the grain of an historically received pattern of organisation.
a contraluz 
against the light
 People, boats, and in fact most subjects and all pictures of activity come out well against the light.
a contrapelo  
against the grain
against the nap
 There are many able people who are endeavouring to do the kind of things discussed in this article against the grain of an historically received pattern of organisation.
 Brush your curtains regularly, against the nap and then with the nap direction, to remove dust.
a coro  
with one voice
in unison
 There is something depressing about people demonstrating solidarity for ethnic separation with 'one voice'.
 Macaronic poetry is often used as a vehicle for humorous social criticism, but also as a ludic exercise and linguistic challenge, or simply for the delight of hearing different languages in unison.
a corto plazo           
before very long
short term [short-term]
in the short run
short-range
at short notice
in the short term
short-run
for the short haul
for the short run
over the short run
over the short haul
 The moment we compromise among ourselves to adopt rules that are incompatible with ideology then I think we are merely providing the necessity before very long to have these changes brought about.
 Whether this is a short term phenomenon or not, remains to be seen.
 In the short run, the most likely prospect is for all current systems to continue with electronic formats merely adding to the richness of the human record.
 The astute leader will establish short- and long-range goals for the institution, develop specific objectives to accomplish those goals, and activities to meet the objectives.
 Each of the experts is available for telephone consultation at short notice.
 Controlled vocabulary is the best option in the short term.
 Findings indicate that the short-run success of methadone programs does not automatically translate into long-run abstinence.
 Some jobs are good for the short haul, while others are built for the long run.
 I believe the answer to that is still negative, at least for the short run behavior of exchange rates.
 The concept is that wages don't change over the short run.
 Over the short haul the body might be able to handle high doses of a chemical without it causing damage.
a costa de    
at the cost of
at the expense of
at + Nombre's + expense
at cost of
 In contrast to higher specificity, higher exhaustivity increases precision at the cost of impaired recall.
 Uneven allocation will lead to some subjects having relatively short notation at the expense of others with relatively long notation.
 It is true that the newspapers sensationalized some of the Community's absurdities and gave prominence to the unpopular practice of disposing of surplus food at taxpayers' expense.
 Militarization could come at cost of regional stability.
a costa de mucho 
at (a) great expense
 He had lions, elephants, and other wild animals brought from Asia and Africa at a great expense.
a costa de otro 
at someone else's expense
 The article is entitled 'How to promote the library at someone else's expense'.
a costa de otros 
at other people's expense
 Serial swindler Kenneth Broad was this afternoon jailed for 15 months bringing to an end a playboy lifestyle lived at other people's expense.
a criterio de 
at the discretion of
 The items that are recorded in the note area, and the style in which they are recorded, is at the discretion of the cataloguer.
a cuadros 
chequered [checkered, -USA]
 She wears a red and white checkered short sleeved shirt, black skinny jeans and red and black plimsolls.
a cualquier hora  
anytime
(a)round the clock
 'Now, whenever you want to see me about anything between these get-togethers,' she resumed, 'don't hesitate to drop by anytime'.
 Digitization is a value-added way of making library collections and materials available around the world, around the clock.
a cualquier hora del día o de la noche  
at any hour of the day or night
at any time of the day or night
 The contributions are by some of Harvard's 135 current scholars, who have access to the library's 3.5 million volumes at any hour of the day or night, should they so wish.
 This bibliographic retrieval system permits users without previous training to search the medical literature themselves at any time of the day or night.
a cualquier precio    
at any cost
at all costs
at any price
by whatever means (possible)
 Illegal work practices aimed at achieving economic success at any cost were widespread.
 This article presents a decalogue of a librarian's faults: a library for the benefit of librarians; a library for the benefit of the management; a drive to obtain new technology at all costs; egotism of departments; egotism of libraries; dictatorship instead of management; working 'in silence'; putting on blinkers; laissez-faire; and wasteful use of time, people and resources.
 The new law would scrap the existing anti-scalping law and allow tickets to be resold at any price.
 Naturally, Claire is just dying to be part of the Committee, but they're equally determined to keep her out of it by whatever means.
a cuatro aguas 
hipped
 According to the new design, the roof will have gable ends as opposed to being hipped with dormer windows = De acuerdo con el nuevo diseño, el techo tendrá hastiales en lugar de ser a cuatro aguas con buhardillas.
a cuatro patas  
on all fours
on four legs
 Scientists have controversially claimed the discovery of gene variants which directly influence whether we walk upright or on all fours.
 Of course, the horse can sleep lying down if it so chooses, but God has designed this magnificent animal to get forty winks on four legs.
a cuenta de 
at the expense of
 Uneven allocation will lead to some subjects having relatively short notation at the expense of others with relatively long notation.
a cuenta de la empresa 
at company expense
 It is not unusual also for the staff to take courses (at company expense and often on company time) that will keep them alert and mentally alive.
a cuenta de otro 
at someone else's expense
 The article is entitled 'How to promote the library at someone else's expense'.
a cuenta de otros 
at other people's expense
 Serial swindler Kenneth Broad was this afternoon jailed for 15 months bringing to an end a playboy lifestyle lived at other people's expense.
a cuenta propia  
at + Posesivo + (own) expense
at + Posesivo + own expense
 They believe that the main use for government is for some people to lord it over others at their expense.
 Mr Dong Ming embarked on an eight-day bicycle ride to Beijing at his own expense in order to attend the IFLA Conference.
a cuerpo de rey  
the lap of luxury
the lap of comfort
 Sedition is bred in the lap of luxury and its chosen emissaries are the beggared spendthrift and the impoverished libertine.
 You can transform yourself completely through such luxury holidays where you can roll in the lap of comfort and enjoy each moment like never before.
a cuestas 
in tow
 The women have either come for their monthly antenatal checkups or postnatal visits, healthy babies in tow.
a decir de todos 
by all accounts
 By all accounts, trafficking in human beings is increasing at staggering rates.
a decir verdad        
to tell the truth
if the truth be known
if the truth be told
in all truth
in truth
to be fair
quite frankly
in (all) fairness
 To tell the truth, I may speak, on this being indeterminate and indivisible, only tautologically: the being is the being.
 If the truth be known, most successes are built on a multitude of failures.
 If the truth be told, both sides of the political spectrum suffer from those who operate on emotions rather than logic.
 In all truth, it must be said that this howling, hissing, foot-scraping body of young rapscallions found some cause for complaint.
 But why had he said he offered to do the work for the superintendent when in truth she had initiated the request?.
 To be fair, this was not Ewart's or Edwards' idea of a public library.
 The whole work hard, play hard mantra unfortunately shows no sign of stopping even though it's quite frankly a marketing con.
 In all fairness, there are very few, if any, Benjamin Franklins in the contemporary American firmament either.
a decir verdad    
fact is
the fact is that...
the fact of the matter is that...
the truth of the matter is that...
 Fact is, we are the largest group of ungrateful, spoiled brats the world has ever seen.
 The fact is that income inequality is real - it's been rising for more than 25 years.
 But the fact of the matter is that they wouldn't have gotten the chance of a lifetime if not for the hard work of Epperson.
 In some ways I understand this line of reasoning but the truth of the matter is that all of us will kick the bucket at some point.
a demanda  [Utilizado en medicina para indicar generalmente que una medicina debe aplicarse según las circunstancias lo requieran]
pro re nata
 Patients hospitalized for treatment of psychiatric illness commonly receive pro re nata anti-anxiety and hypnotic agents.
a deshora(s)  
at odd times
out of hours
 Maybe that guy has sleep apnea, and falls asleep at odd times, like when driving?.
 They are dedicated to out of hours emergency veterinary care for sick and injured pets during evenings, weekends and bank holidays.
a destajo 
non-stop
 A British yachtswoman has become the first woman to sail solo, non-stop, both ways around the world.
a día de hoy 
as of today
 As of today, there are no references to this issue in the literature.
a diario 
every day
 The whole business has an air of familiarity because it happens every day.
a diario una manzana es cosa sana  
an apple a day keeps the doctor away
an apple a day keeps the doctor at bay
 This famous line an apple a day keeps the doctor away is proven to be true because of its the many health benefits of apples.
 Science has proven that the saying 'An apple a day, keeps the doctor at bay' has validity.
a diestro y siniestro 
like there's no tomorrow
 The way to live like there's no tomorrow is to basically love life and be as crazy as possible and take risks and chances.
a dieta 
on a diet
 More than 43 percent of the girls reported that they were on a diet - and a quarter of these dieters didn't think they were overweight.
a diferencia de        
apart from
as opposed to
in contradistinction to
as contrasted with
in contrast (to/with)
quite apart from
in sharp contrast (with)
counter to
 Apart from the names of subjects, the names of corporate bodies, persons, chemicals, trade products, and trade names are some other possibilities.
 This command types the information immediately at the user's terminal, as opposed to the PRINT command generating offline prints which are subsequently mailed to the user.
 The intent is to create a mechanism which recognizes the needs of the reader, in contradistinction to simplifying clerical procedures within the cataloging department.
 An art original is the original two- or three-dimensional work of art (other than an art print or a photograph) created by the artist, eg., a painting, drawing, or sculpture, as contrasted with a reproduction of it.
 The overall plan of the library is to provide an atmosphere of spaciousness and calm, in contrast to the urban bustle outside = El proyecto general de la biblioteca es ofrecer un ambiente de amplitud y calma, en contraste con el bullicio urbano exterior.
 Quite apart from a completely new vocabulary, the whole mystique of computers is still a source of bewilderment.
 The archives of mediaeval universities are sparse and fragmented, in sharp contrast with the fact that these institutions were among the most regulated, structured and stable of their time.
 But counter to some other industry watchers, the firm now thinks there won't be a big rebound in 2013.
a diferencia de + Nombre 
unlike + Nombre
 On the screen, unlike a typewriter, a space is considered an actual character that occupies a position on the screen.
a diferentes niveles  
multi-tiered [multitiered]
multi-tier [multitier]
 This will bring about the development of a new generation of multi-tiered data bases that allow users at all skill levels to approach them.
 The emergence of multi-tier wireless information access is being driven by the different compromises in technology required to provide wireless service in different environments.
a discreción  
at will
no holds barred
 Once having got into the system, he or she can switch from database to database at will.
 He has demanded a 'no holds barred' investigation of the causes of the electrical power blackout that crippled New York last week.
a disgusto  
unwillingly
reluctantly
 Intellectuals have been unwillingly transformed into cultural commentators and cultural studies has replaced philosophy.
 One is tempted to say that the enthusiasts for postcoordinate systems, being forced to admit reluctantly that control was necessary, couldn't bear to use the old-fashioned term 'list of subject headings'.
a disposición de 
at the disposal of
 The responsibility for manning the one telephone left at the disposal of a residue of callers fell to a single officer who had other duties to carry out to justify his keep.
a distancia   
remote
remotely
distantly
 The computer, once instructed on the desired filing order, is eminently suitable for filing, achieving a level of consistency which was a remote dream in the days of human filers.
 For example, if cataloguing input is entered directly using a keyboard, whether this be through a microcomputer or remotely via a terminal, then this is online operation.
 An instructor can setup a learning group and those who wish to be guided distantly during the study may join the group.
a doble espacio 
double-spaced
 Final papers are due September 23, 2002 and will be 14-16 pages long, double-spaced, in a standard format, and be accessible as an electronic file.
a domicilio 
domiciliary
 There is a growing number of elderly people and disabled people requiring domiciliary library services in England.
¿a dónde se dirige(n)? 
whither?
 The article 'Whither libraries? or, Wither libraries' urges the profession to seriously consider its role in an electronic society.
¿a dónde va(n)? 
whither?
 The article 'Whither libraries? or, Wither libraries' urges the profession to seriously consider its role in an electronic society.
¿a dónde vas?   [Frase arcaica]
quo vadis
whither thou goest
 The article 'Quo vadis specialization?' brings into question the validity of any locally developed cataloguing or classification system.
 The article 'Interlibrary loan: automation, whither thou goest; some gripes and an accolade' advises postponing automation until dedicated funds are available and hardware is standardized.
a dos niveles 
two-tier
 The van has improved facilities, including covered access to a two-tier display rack, so that passers-by can browse through a wide variety of information leaflets.
a dos velas      
skint
broke
in the dark
penniless
down-and-out
out-of-pocket
 How does it feel to be skint in a world that seems to be obsessed with money and riches?.
 The article is entitled 'Tough luck: To be a professional sport climber in America probably means you're broke, fed up and still no match for the foreign competition'.
 Perhaps instead of arguing, and rushing around in the dark, the time has come to follow our Danish and American friends and begin to find out what we are doing.
 Now he lives penniless near a beautiful lake surrounded by rainforest and teeming with waterfowl.
 The story is based on an overheard conversation between a well-meaning librarian and a down-and-out old man seeking validation for his unpublished poetry.
 Manchester City leave the bookies out of pocket and three things we learned about betting from the weekend.
a duras penas  
with great difficulty
at a push
 Alumina is helpful for any stool that is passed with great difficulty.
 A 6 foot round table will fit 10 people comfortably or 12 at a push.
a efectos de  
in terms of
for the purpose of + Nombre
 And we have all of the ingredients for the creation of an atmosphere in which the proponents of expediency could couch their arguments in terms of cost effectiveness.
 Taking the second situation for the purpose of illustration, there are four options for choice of title.
a efectos prácticos    
to all intents and purposes
for all practical purposes
for all intents and purposes
to all intents
 To all intents and purposes he is unaware of its existence.
 The superintendent stated that this was an area she herself was anxious to investigate, because for all practical purposes salary increases were automatic and equal 'across-the-board'.
 In the 20th century, the debate about weeding followed, for all intents and purposes, the contours of the controversy surrounding the Quincy Plan.
 Suppose, for example, that the indexer decides that the terms 'Great Britain' and 'United Kingdom' are to all intents synonyms.
a él 
him
 In 1965, he had the best results nationwide on the intermediate librarianship examination, which won him the Cawthorne Prize.
a ellos 
them
 During his tenure, OSU was recognized for the aggressive approach the library staff adopted with respect to publicizing OSU's many bibliographical services and encouraging patrons' use of them.
a escala 
drawn-to-scale
 The researcher takes a drawn-to-scale map of an environment and then notes behavior as it occurs in its true location on the map = El investigador utiliza un mapa a escala de un lugar y observa y anota el comportamiento tal como ocurre en su localización en el mapa.
a escala industrial  
on an industrial scale
industrial-scale
 These two machine translation systems translate texts from English and German into Russian on an industrial scale.
 Mass treatment is the name given to an industrial-scale process to deacidify and stabilise and/or strengthen library and archival materials.
a escala mundial  
globally
on a global scale
 This article aims to examine both currently and globally the varying degrees of application of information technology to information services in several continents.
 Academic sites will install document servers to make publications and electronic archives available on a global scale = Academic sites will install document servers to make publications and electronic archives available on a global scale.
a escala natural 
full-scale
 Obviously, staff will have to be instructed in the use of the new system, be it word processing or a full-scale circulation system.
a escondidas          
by stealth
stealthily
furtively
on the quiet
on the sly
in secret
in secrecy
secretly
by the back door
through the back door
 He is a systematic 'sweater' who sucks wealth from toiling crowds by cunning and by stealth.
 It is contended that adoption policies have encouraged nondisclosure of information by gay men & lesbians, & surrogacy arrangements are often handled stealthily.
 Seditious books continued to appear, nevertheless, both from secret presses in England moving furtively from hideout to hideout.
 Lee is normally a very quiet member of the crew, although we suspect that on the quiet he is a bit of a lad.
 True, you may not see many boys and girls openly holding hands or kissing but many affairs are conducted on the sly.
 Every single email she wrote in secret has been read by snoops.
 A 14-year-old Dutch sailor departed in secrecy from Gibraltar Saturday on her quest to become the youngest person to sail solo around the world.
 Have you ever been jealous of a girl's dance moves you've seen in a club and secretly wished you could dance just like her?.
 Schools are expelling thousands of children 'by the back door' to ensure they do not appear in official statistics, it has been disclosed.
 Government bows to pressure from business to allow bribery through the back door.
a eso 
thereto
 But if the FID still clung to its traditional interpretation of the meaning of documentation, the term became increasingly to be used to denote any non-conventional library method for the subject analysis of graphic records and any activity of research or inquiry relating thereto.
a espaldas de 
out of sight of
 Many of the ways in which World Wide Web search engines operate are dependent upon the hidden processes that take place out of sight of the searcher.
a espuertas       
by the shipload
by the ton
in shiploads
in vast quantities
in large quantities
by the bucketful
by the bucketload
 Glass beads from Italy and Czechoslovakia were imported by the shipload and used like money for trading.
 200g of chocolate is enough to kill a dog and yet we eat the stuff by the ton every year.
 From Europe they came in shiploads looking for gold.
 Standard components can be manufactured in vast quantities, keeping costs down.
 Vitamins and minerals taken in large quantities, without the advice of a specialist, may affect the human body.
 I could seriously eat this by the bucketful without any regrets whatsoever.
 Those one-off singles may sell by the bucketload but everyone knows that has nothing to do with good music.
a estas alturas 
by now
 It will be evident by now that the microcomputer market is a complex place.
a este fin 
to this end
 To this end some consultative procedure is to be recommended.
a este paso 
at this rate
 At this rate, Bryant has a chance to become the greatest scorer the NBA has ever seen.
a este respecto 
in this respect
 The socio-political reform now under way in Hungary requires renewal from librarianship as well, and one may draw on the author's ideas in this respect.
a este ritmo 
at this rate
 At this rate, Bryant has a chance to become the greatest scorer the NBA has ever seen.
a estrenar 
brand new
 Information on small, sometimes brand new, companies in the chemical and biotechnology industries is often difficult to find.
a examen 
under the microscope
 The article is entitled 'University libraries under the microscope: facts and stats'.
a excepción de       
barring
except for
excepting
other than
with the exception of
short of
excluding
 All abstracts, barring possibly those of exceptional length, should consist of one paragraph only.
 Although I have not done a complete analytical search of library literature for discussions of the structures of catalogs, preliminary searches have turned up little except for historical discussions.
 Close attention to the interaction of these two characters (excepting the love scenes!) provides a glimpse of the world behind the reference desk.
 Non-book materials, then, may include any library information or resource centre materials, other than books or monographs.
 With the exception of trailer libraries, mobile library stops are usually of too short a duration to allow for anything other than book lending transaction.
 After days of contemplating the large number of variables I now believe that a leisure society is inevitable, short of global catastrophe.
 Durable goods excluding transportation soared by 2.0% in June in the U.S.
a excepción de que 
except that
 Acoustic couplers serve a similar purpose except that they are not permanently wired; the handset is placed in the acoustic coupler to achieve a connection once a telephone line had been opened.
a excepción de uno 
with one exception
 With one exception, no picket striker or citizen was injured as a result of the presence of state troops.
a expensas de  
at the expense of
at + Nombre's + expense
 Uneven allocation will lead to some subjects having relatively short notation at the expense of others with relatively long notation.
 It is true that the newspapers sensationalized some of the Community's absurdities and gave prominence to the unpopular practice of disposing of surplus food at taxpayers' expense.
a expensas de otro 
at someone else's expense
 The article is entitled 'How to promote the library at someone else's expense'.
a expensas de otros 
at other people's expense
 Serial swindler Kenneth Broad was this afternoon jailed for 15 months bringing to an end a playboy lifestyle lived at other people's expense.
a + Expresión Temporal 
as of + Expresión Temporal
 As of April 1978 there is still not a big enough demand for such a service.
a falta de     
for want of
in the absence of
in default of
for lack of
short of
 A single companionship of this sort would often have three or four works in production at the same time in a busy house, so that its members rarely stood idle for want of copy.
 In the absence of, or in addition to, an ISADN an alternative number assigned by a regional or national agency may be given.
 Wire staplers were first introduced in about 1875 in default of satisfactory book-sewing machines (which were not fully developed until 1882).
 There is no danger that the scheme will collapse for lack of central organization.
 After days of contemplating the large number of variables I now believe that a leisure society is inevitable, short of global catastrophe.
a falta de pan, buenas son tortas  
beggars can't be choosers
beggars can't be choosy
 I'll take any love you think you can spare - beggars can't be choosers.
 They aren't exactly cheap nor are they exactly what I have been looking for but as they say beggars can't be choosy.
a favor 
in favour
 The success of the project was demonstrated by a vote of more than 4 to 1 in favour.
a favor de 
in favour of
 A good example is the British Catalogue of Music Classification which abandons expressiveness in favour of allocating brief notation to the most common concepts.
a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto 
pro-choice
 This site is for those who have an interest in discussion of the social, legal and ethical aspects of abortion from a pro-choice perspective.
a favor de la esclavitud 
pro-slavery
 The slavery issue was used to unite patriot fervour under a pro-slavery position.
a favor de la raza negra 
pro-black [problack]
 Experience sensitized counselees to the limitations of white counselors, suggesting they became pro-black rather than anti-white.
a favor de la vida humana 
pro-life
 Another growing group in this annual pro-life event is women who are stepping up to proclaim their regret for their own abortions.
a favor y en contra 
pro and con
 To provoke discussion, strong statements, both pro and con, are given.
a + Fecha 
as per + Fecha
 The following is the list of sponsors of the conference as per January 2001.
a finales de  
by the end of
at the close of + Expresión Temporal
 By the end of 1986 there were between 110 and 120 consumer advice centres.
 The article 'Till the end of time' predicts that automated record processing will be the major distinguishing feature of libraries at the close of this century.
a finales de + Expresión Temporal   
as of late + Expresión Temporal
at the end of + Expresión Temporal
by the close of + Expresión Temporal
 This paper includes a list of public libraries in California offering adult literacy services as of late 1992.
 At the end of 1983 all customs duties between EFTA (European Free Trade Association) and EC countries were phased out = A finales de l983, se eliminaron progresivamente todos los aranceles entre los países de la EFTA (Asociación Europea para el Libre Comercio) y los de la CE.
 By the close of the 18th century, grave robbing was a common practice in Britain and the terms used describe these men included body snatchers and grave robbers.
a finales de + Fecha  
in the late + Fecha
in late + Fecha
 Online information retrieval services, which permit users to search data bases held on a computer many miles distant from the user and his terminal, started to develop in the late 1960s and the early 1970s.
 Automated cataloging support systems, with any pretense to sophistication, did not begin to appear until the inception of the LC/MARC II (Library of Congress/Machine-Readable Cataloging) project in late 1967.
a finales de los + Década  [Expresión usualmente acompañada del artículo]
late + Década, the
 Fears in the late 1960s about the menace of pollution led to the creation of programmes on environmental protection.
a finales del + Siglo  
late + Siglo
late period of + Siglo
 Companionships had probably been developed in late eighteenth-century London for dealing with rush jobs in the larger printing offices.
 It seems that around this late period of the seventeenth century this usage was beginning to gain currency.
a fin de cuentas       
at the end of the day
in the end
in the final count
in the grand scheme of things
when (all/everything) is said and done
after (all/everything) is said and done
in the last analysis
 At the end of the day, the greatest need for the foreseeable future remains space for books and ordinary readers.
 This is time well invested since it saves money in the end and leads to a higher success rate in providing information = Éste es tiempo bien invertido ya que ahorra dinero en última instancia y permite ofrecer una información mucho más pertinente para el usuario.
 In the final count, the method of delivery of the data is less important than the quality of information.
 This is largely clueless enthusiasm focused on things that don't matter in the grand scheme of things.
 When all is said and done, however, this great encyclopedia is now back on track after a period of confusion and frustration = No obstante, al final de cuentas esta gran enciclopedia vuelve a ser lo que era después de un periodo de confusión y frustración.
 And after all is said and done, hiring decisions, for the most part, are based on whether or not the candidate is likeable.
 In the last analysis, a microcomputer is a small computer and will be unsuitable for no other reason than the sheer size of the files involved.
a fin de que 
in order that
 In order that the plans be better understood, it is essential that the aims of the library be outlined first.
a fondo   
fully
thoroughly
full-scale
 Although this may seem an obvious statement, there are many instances when the searcher is not fully aware of what can or might be retrieved.
 Analytical cataloguing is valuable in respect of any type of media, but many of ideas have been tested most thoroughly in the context of monographs and serials.
 Obviously, staff will have to be instructed in the use of the new system, be it word processing or a full-scale circulation system.
a fondo perdido 
non-refundable
 There is a non-refundable charge of £25 for this event to cover refreshments.
¡a freír espárragos!  [Expresión para decirle a alguien que se vaya o que no te crees lo que está diciendo]
on your bike!
 'On your Bike¡' is a web site designed to be a reference for mountain bikers who need track information with clear maps and photographs = "Pírate!" es una web diseñada para los ciclistas de montaña que necesitan información con mapas y fotografías claras de los caminos.
a fuerza de 
by dint of
 This article discusses the treatment of the main character of a biography in its index recommending the introduction of logical grouping within the subentries by dint of much editing.
a fuerza de cometer errores 
the hard way
 The article is entitled 'User needs the hard way: eighty-six simultaneous studies'.
a fuerza de errores 
the hard way
 The article is entitled 'User needs the hard way: eighty-six simultaneous studies'.
a galope 
at a gallop
 I find canter easiest to ride because sometimes at a gallop horses can be very hard to pull up.
a gas 
gas-powered
 Electric leaf blowers have distinct advantages and disadvantages when compared to gas-powered models.
a gatas 
on all fours
 Scientists have controversially claimed the discovery of gene variants which directly influence whether we walk upright or on all fours.
a gogó  
aplenty [a-plenty]
galore
 The article 'CD-ROM licenses: pitfalls aplenty!' advises how to deal with the licenses which subscribers are required to sign on purchase of CD-ROM products for use in libraries = El artículo "Las licencias de CD-ROM: ¡dificultades a montón!" aconseja cómo negociar las licencias que los suscriptores tienen que firmar al comprar productos CD-ROM para uso en la biblioteca.
 There have been promises galore made to delegation after delegation of the film industry, but all the promises have been just promises, hollow and empty.
a grandes rasgos  
broadly
rough draft
 These can be broadly categorised into the following two groups.
 This paper describes the program devised to extract references from the OCLC data base and generate bibliographies in rough draft form.
a granel 
in bulk
 They were, first, the replacement of the traditional process of building up a binding for each book in turn by the speedier prefabrication in bulk of complete binding cases which were attached subsequently to the sewn and cut books.
a gran escala        
large scale [large-scale]
massive
on a wide scale
high-volume
wide-scale
on a broad scale
in a big way
on a grand scale
 It is in the development of such large-scale services that problems are seen most acutely.
 When the use of all synonymous terms would result in a massive duplication of A/Z subject index entries 'see references' are employed.
 Moder technology allows us to link computers in different centres and to transmit information on a wide scale.
 Many households are still without telephone, let alone equipped with the wide-band cable needed for fast, high-volume electronic communication.
 Without the stimuli of cooperative agencies, many programmes such as wide-scale interlibrary loan would not have developed so rapidly.
 Due to advantages such as access to information on a broad scale, networking is being increasingly adopted in Latin America and in the Caribbean.
 The United Nations (UN), its various information offices and its sister agencies are shifting into electronic publishing in a big way.
 A 'toxic combination' of poverty and social injustice is killing people on a grand scale, a World Health Organisation report said Thursday.
a gran velocidad 
at great speed
 This causes the shaft of the fan and correspondingly, the fan blades themselves, to rotate at great speed.
a grito limpio 
at the top of + Posesivo + voice
 It was a time when film directors believed in irreverence - challenging the status quo and dissenting at the top of one's voice.
a grito pelado 
at the top of + Posesivo + voice
 It was a time when film directors believed in irreverence - challenging the status quo and dissenting at the top of one's voice.
a gritos 
vociferously
 This article argues that the OTA report, despite its affirmation of public access to information, is unlikely to cause a redeployment of resources unless librarians argue vociferously that there is a real need for this information.
a gusto  
at ease
at leisure
 The architectural styles of some library buildings make the new user feel oppressed, rather than welcome and at ease.
 Equally the housewife happily crossing off her numbers in the bingo hall is just as much at leisure as is her husband painting his pigeon loft and then going for a drink with his mates at the pub.
a gusto de  
to the liking of
at the pleasure of
 He made it clear that this was not entirely to his liking, though his audience.
 A private press is a printing press that issues small editions at the pleasure of its owner, not necessarily for financial gain.
a horcajadas 
astride
 No person shall ride upon a motorcycle as a passenger unless, when sitting astride the seat, the person can reach the footrests with both feet.
a hurtadillas        
surreptitiously
by stealth
stealthily
furtively
on the sly
secretly
by the back door
through the back door
 List prices were not in practice always maintained, for many booksellers would surreptitiously give a discount rather than lose a sale.
 He is a systematic 'sweater' who sucks wealth from toiling crowds by cunning and by stealth.
 It is contended that adoption policies have encouraged nondisclosure of information by gay men & lesbians, & surrogacy arrangements are often handled stealthily.
 Seditious books continued to appear, nevertheless, both from secret presses in England moving furtively from hideout to hideout.
 True, you may not see many boys and girls openly holding hands or kissing but many affairs are conducted on the sly.
 Have you ever been jealous of a girl's dance moves you've seen in a club and secretly wished you could dance just like her?.
 Schools are expelling thousands of children 'by the back door' to ensure they do not appear in official statistics, it has been disclosed.
 Government bows to pressure from business to allow bribery through the back door.
a imitación de lo clásico  
classicising [classicizing, -USA]
classicised [classicized, -USA]
 By modelling her portraits on ancient Roman busts, she was responding to cultural and political forces which fostered a classicizing style.
 His Cubist still lifes with figures rendered in a sketchily classicized style echoes the conflict between the academic and the avant-garde in the early 20th century.
a iniciativa de 
at the initiative of
 Cooperation between libraries in the 2 groups of countries began right after the Baltic countries' independence, at the initiative of the Nordic countries.
a iniciativas del gobierno 
government-led
 These are all government-led initiatives aimed at curbing public sector corruption.
a instancia de 
at the urging of
 The superintendent withdrew his request at the urging of the city manager, who suggested he defer it until a more apposite time.
a instancias de   
at the instigation of
at the behest of
under the auspices of
 It was set up in 1972 at the instigation of a local councillor who wanted to introduce an information centre in shop-front premises in a new shopping precinct.
 During the early 1940s, at the behest of then President Roosevelt, he led the drive to build the first atomic bomb.
 Other work relating to the development of classification has been conducted under the auspices of UNISIST.
a intervalos 
at intervals
 Usually a new bulletin will be issued at intervals, for example, monthly, weekly or daily = Normalmente, un nuevo boletín se publicará a intervalos, por ejemplo, mensualmente, semanalmente o diariamente.
a intervalos + Adjetivo 
at + Adjetivo + intervals
 A free-standing terminal is a computer in its own right, which processes and stores data about the transactions and which may also exchange data with a central computer at predetermined intervals, say at the end of a working day.
a intervalos semanales 
at weekly intervals
 Accurate records must be kept of all monies received and disbursed and normally the cash is balanced at weekly intervals.
a invitación de 
at the invitation of
 The World Congress on Books was organised by Unesco in London at the invitation of the UK Government.
a jabón 
soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.]
 I don't know if it's paranoia or my subconscious acting up or a vitamin deficiency, but I have now twice had a soapy aftertaste when eating.
a juicio 
on trial
 'Library practice on trial' is an account of the presentation of evidence from library practice in an historic damages case.
a juicio público 
in the public eye
 The article is entitled 'Librarians in the public eye'.
a juzgar por   
to judge by
judging by
judging from
 To judge by some of the comments presented here, weeding may function as a homogenizing agent in many public libraries, creating a situation where the product lines (books) offered show little variation from library to library.
 The number of titles is expected to double within a relatively short period, judging by the enthusiasm expressed by the publishers.
 Judging from the history of warfare and skirmish between the British and the French, I am surprised you are so civil towards each other.
a la acuarela 
water-coloured [water-colored, -USA]
 The article 'Misty, water-colored images' sounds the clarion for preservation activist librarians.
a la alcaldía 
mayoral
 During the televised mayoral debate in late August, all the candidates who participated said they'd have no problem submitting to a drug test.
a la altura de   
of the stature of
equal to
at the level of
 The finest and most influential of these French italics were the work of Robert Granjon, an artist of the stature of his countryman and near-contemporary Garamont and one of the greatest all-round type designers of any period.
 Here spoke the absolutely confident applicant, the young man equal to this or any other task.
 It seems like child's play compared to what is going on in Washington, where it is almost at the level of sedition.
a la altura de la cintura  
waist high
waist deep
 The shepherd led them across meadows where the warm, scented grass grew nearly waist high, toward the mighty waterfall.
 More than a score or two of the young female members waded the stream that in places was waist deep.
a la altura de la rodilla 
knee-high
 Knee-high boots are not only flattering and hip, they're also practical, keeping your legs warm on cold days.
a la altura de los hombros 
shoulder-high
 In some places the floodwater was shoulder-high and travellers had to literally swim across.
a la alza  [Generalmente referido al mercado y la economía]
bullish
 Wheat traders are getting more bullish, even after prices tumbled into a bear market, as demand for U.S. exports strengthened and a drought in the Great Plains threatens to curb next season's crop.
a la anchura de los hombros 
shoulder-width
 To do a squat with dumbbells, hold a dumbbell in each hand and stand with your feet about shoulder-width apart.
a la anochecida 
at nightfall
 At nightfall, drop anchor at any place that catch your fancy and the lullaby of the gentle waves put you to sleep.
a la antigua 
old-style
 Until Groome appeared, city officials were chosen not so much for their ability to administer the affairs of their offices as for who they knew; hence, old-style machine politics with its accompanying corruption found a congenial atmosphere in which to operate.
a la antigua usanza 
old-style
 Until Groome appeared, city officials were chosen not so much for their ability to administer the affairs of their offices as for who they knew; hence, old-style machine politics with its accompanying corruption found a congenial atmosphere in which to operate.
a la atención de  [Abreviatura usada principalmente en las cartas]
c/o (care of)
 Letters and cards of condolence can be sent to: The Lubetzkys, c/o David Lubetzky, 1250 H Street, D.C. 20005.
a la baja   [Generalmente referido al mercado y a la economía]
on the wane
bearish
 He said that the debate between the humanist and the behaviorist is on the wane, and that contemporary behaviorism offers Principles and procedures to help individuals increase their humanistic actions.
 Small investors aren't the only one's turning bearish on equities, the persistent negativity is spilling over to Wall Street as well.
a la brasa 
grilled
 Think of all your favorite foods and imagine them either smoked or grilled; either method generally enhances flavor.
a la buena de Dios  
out in the cold
on a wing and a prayer
 The documentary video 'Out in the Cold' seeks to raise audience awareness of the plight of homeless gay and lesbian youth.
 You can't just do things on a wing and a prayer - you need a plan and a system as well.
a la cabeza de 
in the forefront of/in
 Special librarians have, therefore, been in the forefront of the use of market research techniques in libraries.
a la caída de la noche  
at nightfall
at twilight
 At nightfall, drop anchor at any place that catch your fancy and the lullaby of the gentle waves put you to sleep.
 The play 'A Song at Twilight' tells the story of an embittered, closeted, world-famous writer who is faced with his murky past in the shape of his early mistress.
a la caída de la tarde  
at twilight
at dusk
 The play 'A Song at Twilight' tells the story of an embittered, closeted, world-famous writer who is faced with his murky past in the shape of his early mistress.
 World-wide, the mantra for reducing potential shark attack is 'don't bathe at dawn and dusk'.
a la carta 
a la carte
 The article 'Table d'Hote and a la carte: Collecting rare science books' examines historically the methodology of collection development in collections of rare science books.
a la costa 
seaside
 While the huts where once used by fishermen, they have now become holiday getaways, and are frequented by Londoners looking for a seaside escape.
a la cuarta pregunta     
penniless
broke
skint
down-and-out
out-at-(the)-elbows
 Now he lives penniless near a beautiful lake surrounded by rainforest and teeming with waterfowl.
 The article is entitled 'Tough luck: To be a professional sport climber in America probably means you're broke, fed up and still no match for the foreign competition'.
 How does it feel to be skint in a world that seems to be obsessed with money and riches?.
 The story is based on an overheard conversation between a well-meaning librarian and a down-and-out old man seeking validation for his unpublished poetry.
 Nature meant him for a slipshod, shambling Bohemian - happy, out-at-the-elbows, always in debt, always irresponsible, and always pursued by duns and bailiffs.
a la defensiva  
on the defensive
defensively
 The supervisor is generally on the defensive and frequently has difficulty in determining the facts of the situation.
 When you drive defensively, you're aware and ready for whatever happens.
a la derecha   
at the right
on the right
to the right
 The subfield codes are at the extreme left of the display; the information belonging to each subfield is at the right.
 The fact is, before the Revolution, the aristocracy travelled on the left of the road, forcing the peasantry over to the right.
 What ever is to the left of you is your first name, what ever to the right is your last name.
a la derecha de  
on the right side of
on the right-hand side of
 The number of documents indexed by each of the cross-reference terms is shown on the right side of the display.
 The following is a list of countries of the world whose inhabitants drive on the right-hand side of the road.
a la deriva 
rudderless
 She was 15 kilograms too heavy, rudderless, half-lost to drinking and chatting up other girls' boyfriends.
a la discreción de 
at the discretion of
 The items that are recorded in the note area, and the style in which they are recorded, is at the discretion of the cataloguer.
a la disposición de Alguien 
at + Posesivo + disposal
 Very few libraries have implemented OSI applications and many library software developers still see OSI as irrelevant to their needs and inappropriate for the resources at their disposal.
a ladrido limpio 
in full cry
 The pack of hounds on leash rushed downhill in full cry after the hare, and from all sides the borzois that were not on leash darted after the hounds and the hare.
a la espera 
awaiting
 So we footed it all the way back down the whole way that the ski-lift had taken us, and all the way back to the awaiting van.
a la expectativa de 
on the lookout for
 The first weeks are vital, and after that the shop must be constantly on the lookout for ways of stimulating further interest and re-awakening those who lapse.
a la + Expresión Temporal 
a + Expresión Temporal
 Most hosts are not available twenty-four hours a day, seven days of the week.
a la fuerza    
forcefully
of necessity
forcibly
compulsorily
 Do not pull a book from the shelf by forcefully tugging the top of the spine.
 The quantity of scientific information available must of necessity grow with the increasing number of scientists doing research in an increasing number of disciplines.
 This film tells the moving story of the more than 40,000 Koreans who were forcibly conscripted as laborers by the Japanese during the Second World War.
 The government may, by agreement or compulsorily, acquire any historic monument for the purpose of securing its protection.
a la fuga  
on the run
on the lam
 We will keep the terrorists on the run, until they have nowhere left to hide.
 More than 250000 fugitives have managed to escape justice in New York and are still on the lam.
a la hora de acostarse 
at bedtime
 He bonked his head on the tub right at bedtime and immediately got a goose egg.
a la hora de + Infinitivo  
when it came to + Gerundio
when it comes to + Gerundio
 Its main value, however, was in forging close links with the community workers, which proved invaluable when it came to compiling the local information file.
 Even such devices are much too slow when it comes, for example, to matching a set of finger prints with one of five million on file.
a la hora de la verdad        
when push comes to shove
if it comes to the crunch
when it comes to the crunch
when the worst comes to the worst
if (the) worst comes to (the) worst
when the crunch comes to the crunch
if the crunch comes to the crunch
if (the) worse comes to (the) worst
 When push comes to shove, it seems that short-term economic interests steamroller scientific arguments.
 You may never need the soldering iron, but if it comes to the crunch and you suddenly find you need one, you'll be glad it's there.
 Interestingly, when it comes to the crunch, there seem to be a hell of a lot of agnostics out there.
 When the worst comes to the worst what we should really fear is ourselves, and each other.
 If the worst comes to the worst and you are attacked, try to escape rather than fight back, especially if you believe that your assailant may be armed.
 But above all, he is still my brother and when the crunch comes to the crunch, we will all be there for him, no matter what the circumstances.
 He's told the Argies that if the crunch comes to the crunch America will side with Britain.
 If worse comes to worst, you can always see if your employer may be amenable this time to giving you a cash advance.
a la hora del café 
at coffee
 At coffee yesterday Jeff Gordon had apprised her of the fact that three of his engineers had been summarily terminated.
a la intemperie        
in the open
exposed
outdoors
exposed to the elements
open to the elements
exposure to the elements
out in the open air
in the open air
 As expected, bats avoided obstacles while flying through vegetation and intercepted flying prey out in the open.
 The exposed part is changed by the radiation so that the surface can be cleaned, etched and reoxidized.
 In 1984, The Getty Conservation Institute embarked on a programme of museum environmental research covering air pollution generated outdoors and indoors, and microenvironmental studies.
 The common problem with turf is that it is exposed to the elements of weathering and compaction created by people and machines.
 The old building was cramped, expensive and open to the elements.
 After four decades of exposure to the elements, the garden has been fully renovated and restored to its former glory.
 Why does a hard biscuit become soft when left out in the open air but soft bread becomes hard when left out in the open air?.
 Over 700000 Mozambican children are currently studying in the open air, deprived of minimal conditions for learning.
a la inversa   
mirror-fashion
mirror image
in reverse
 The composing stick contained a line of type which read (from his point of view) from left to right but of which the letters were upside down and mirror-fashion.
 Since the dandy roll worked on the right side, its watermark pattern was fashioned as a mirror image of what was to be seen in the finished paper.
 The design for a woodcut, which was probably the work of a specialist other than the back cutter, was either drawn in reverse directly on to the block, or traced on to it from paper.
a la izquierda   
at the left
on the left
to the left
 The subfield codes are at the extreme left of the display; the information belonging to each subfield is at the right.
 The fact is, before the Revolution, the aristocracy travelled on the left of the road, forcing the peasantry over to the right.
 What ever is to the left of you is your first name, what ever to the right is your last name.
a la larga          
in the long term
over the long term
in the end
eventually
for the long pull
over a period of time
over the long haul
in the far term
ultimately
by and by
 For a scheme to be successfull in the long term it is vital that there should be an organisational structure to support the scheme.
 This project ought to develop over the long term from a system designed to support the exchange of entries in micro-print to a fully automated network for the processing of records.
 This is time well invested since it saves money in the end and leads to a higher success rate in providing information = Éste es tiempo bien invertido ya que ahorra dinero en última instancia y permite ofrecer una información mucho más pertinente para el usuario.
 Eventually this work on citation orders came to fruition in the rather unlikely context of a new indexing systems, PRECIS.
 Thus, the public library in this country for the next few years and for the long pull may be presented with a first-rate opportunity for greater service to its community by defining its service with reference to some qualitative standards.
 The vibration may cause the chips to work loose over a period of time, and if they have to be pushed back into their sockets, it is very easy to bend or break one of the 'legs'.
 But over the long haul you'll just find that your data is easier and cheaper to get at if you use XML.
 In the far term novel techniques are being developed to remove carbon dioxide from fuel gas or flue gas from energy conversion systems.
 Moreover, these entries must ultimately direct the searcher to his desired specific subject in the classified file.
 By and by Tom's reading and dreaming about princely life wrought such a strong effect upon him that he began to act the prince unconsciously.
a la ligera 
lightly
 Such championship cannot be lightly set aside, nevertheless it is now quiet certain that 'bibliography', incorrect and unfortunate as it may be, is here to stay and the situation must be accepted.
a la luz de  [También escrito in the light of]  [También escrito in light of]
in light of
in the light of
 This is essentially the traditional enterprise of cataloguing theory, but it is explored in light of current standards and developments.
 In the light of the information explosion, no researcher can now realistically expect to keep pace with developments in his own field, let alone those in allied fields = En vista del crecimiento vertiginoso de la información, siendo realista ahora el investigador no puede mantenerse al día en los avances de su propio campo y mucho menos de los de campos afines.
a la luz de la luna   
by moonlight
in the moonlight
moonlit
 'Seduced by Moonlight' is a magical romantic fantasy that will charm anyone who reads it.
 She missed the field of daisies and the apple trees dancing in the moonlight.
 Instead of romantic moonlit walks on the beach, young couples' 'quality time' is limited to an hour or two at the local pizzeria.
a la luz de las estrellas 
by starlight
 He likes long walks on the beach and reading by starlight.
a la luz de las velas   
by candlelight
candlelight
candlelit
 This kind of rhubarb is grown under cover of darkness and harvested by candlelight.
 The ruins remained a place of worship, however, with candlelight services on the anniversaries of the raids.
 A candlelit vigil is to take place in Manchester in memory of those killed every year as a result of domestic violence.
a la luz del día 
in the light of (the) day
 And those of us who manage the public's dollars will be held to account - to spend wisely, reform bad habits, and do our business in the light of day - because only then can we restore the vital trust between a people and their government = Y los que manejemos el dinero público tendremos que responder de ello (gastar con prudencia, cambiar malos hábitos y hacer nuestro trabajo a la luz del día) porque sólo entonces podremos restablecer la confianza entre el pueblo y su gobierno.
a la luz de una lámpara de gas 
by gaslight
 Sometimes of an evening, after my miserable journeyings through the day, I would stand for hours in the Strand, leaning against the shutters of a closed shop, and watching the compositors at work by gaslight on the opposite side of the way, upon a morning paper.
a la mano 
at + Posesivo + fingertips
 Once this is finished, acquiring lavish quality items at cheaper costs is at their fingertips.
a la mano de 
available at the fingertips of
 Large amounts of information are now available at the fingertips of the user through interactive systems.
a la mayor brevedad posible  
as soon as possible (asap)
at + Posesivo + earliest convenience
 If there are excessive delays in the record becoming available, and long delays become a common phenomenon, the librarian who is anxious to make new stock available for the user as soon as possible will resort to local cataloguing.
 Please telephone me collect at your earliest convenience so that we can discuss your future, hopefully with the Mitford Public Library.
a la misma altura que  
in the same league as
at the same level as
 The legal publishing market in Central and Eastern Europe is now considered by many to be in the same league as that of Western Europe.
 Violent crime overall, however, is still at the same level as in 1974, despite having decreased steadily since 1991.
a la moda  
trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.]
in a fashionable way
 The author investigates the things which young adults consider to be important, and discusses this in relation to what may be considered tasteful, and what merely trendy in young adults' books.
 Here are a few ideas on how to wear pumps in a fashionable way.
a la ofensiva 
offensively
 Offensively, the fella who's brought home the bacon in the last two games is Brent Egbert.
a la onda 
in the know
 Digerati is the digital version of literati and refers to a vague cloud of people seen to be knowledgeable, hip, or otherwise in-the-know in regards to the digital revolution.
a la opinión pública 
in the public eye
 The article is entitled 'Librarians in the public eye'.
a la par     
in concert
in tandem
neck and neck
in a tandem fashion
in parallel
 Such a scheme, though, can only work if libraries act in concert politically to impart new ground rules to users.
 In tandem, tiered instruction and assessment offer the opportunity to analyze the outcomes of specific levels of information literacy.
 In recent months, DC has continued to close the gap, and the two leaders are now virtually neck and neck = En los últimos meses, DC ha continuado acortando distancias y ahora los dos líderes van bastante parejos.
 Most of them are mitotically stable, and the integration of the vector into the host genome frequently occurred in a tandem fashion.
 The afternoon sessions will run in parallel.
a la par que  
in tandem with
as the same time as
 Continuing education activities have to be offered in tandem with the service itself.
 In medieval bindings the headbands were sewn in at the same time as the cords, but by the sixteenth century they were generally sewn on after the edges had been cut.
a la par (que) 
hand in hand (with)
 Hand in hand with this comes the need for nurses to be able to question, evaluate and reflect on existing practice.
a la parrilla  
grilled
on the grill
 Think of all your favorite foods and imagine them either smoked or grilled; either method generally enhances flavor.
 Cut up the leftovers into strips, stick on skewers and finish quickly on the grill.
a la perfección  
superbly
just right
 Nevertheless, black airmen continued to perform superbly.
 If you don't say the magic word just right, the door won't open.
a la plancha   
griddled
on the griddle
on the hotplate
 This tasty salad with broad beans, sun-dried tomatoes and griddled lamb is great as a healthy and filling main meal.
 For our Christmas dinner, I seared 6 whole beef tenderloins on the griddle and finished in the oven.
 My brother is home from college this week and graced me with his presence tonight for an apartment-cooked meal on the hotplate.
a la postre  
after (all/everything) is said and done
at the end of the day
 And after all is said and done, hiring decisions, for the most part, are based on whether or not the candidate is likeable.
 At the end of the day, the greatest need for the foreseeable future remains space for books and ordinary readers.
a largo plazo             
in the long term
over the long term
long-range
in the long run
long-term
over the long run
over the long haul
long-run
in the far term
far-term
for the long haul
for the long pull
for the long run
 For a scheme to be successfull in the long term it is vital that there should be an organisational structure to support the scheme.
 This project ought to develop over the long term from a system designed to support the exchange of entries in micro-print to a fully automated network for the processing of records.
 In September 1973, the University of Washington initiated implementation of a formal long-range planning process for the total university system.
 Ostensibly, the maneuver was accomplished to curb patronage abuses and make it easier to dismiss deadwood employees in the long run.
 The use of agents is necessary but not ideal, because an agent often represents rival concerns, and aims for a quick turnover rather than long-term profitability.
 Some feel that these sessions can be 'self-defeating over the long run because they are based on a reward-punishment psychology that serves to intensify the pressure on the individual'.
 But over the long haul you'll just find that your data is easier and cheaper to get at if you use XML.
 Findings indicate that the short-run success of methadone programs does not automatically translate into long-run abstinence.
 In the far term novel techniques are being developed to remove carbon dioxide from fuel gas or flue gas from energy conversion systems.
 These processes can be viewed as near-term and far-term.
 As a sign that the protesters are hunkering down for the long haul, they erected a larger tent on Sunday.
 Thus, the public library in this country for the next few years and for the long pull may be presented with a first-rate opportunity for greater service to its community by defining its service with reference to some qualitative standards.
 Some jobs are good for the short haul, while others are built for the long run.
a la salida 
on the way out
 Therefore, on the return leg of your walk you will be alerted to the point where you turned left on the way out.
a la sazón 
at that time
 At that time a 1-room library served the West African Court of Appeal, the Supreme Court, and the judges, magistrates and lawyers = En aquel entonces una biblioteca de tan sólo una habitación atendía al Tribunal de Apelaciones, la Corte Suprema, los jueces, magistrados y abogados de †frica occidental.
a las doce del mediodía 
at high noon
 It ain't a western if you can't rob a stagecoach, rustle some cattle, or duel at high noon.
a la semana  
a week
per week
 When Britain coolly marked, if not celebrated, the tenth anniversary of membership, the number of written enquiries totalled no more than twenty a week.
 Tens of thousands of records per week can be handled in this way.
a las mil maravillas   
marvellously [marvelously, -USA]
famously
like a house on fire
 Carter has produced a marvellously researched biography of Anthony Blunt, the British art historian who worked as a spy for the Soviet Union.
 He gets along famously with the head of reference, by the way.
 Within ten minutes they joined into my discussion and then it rolled like a house on fire.
a la sombra de  
in the shadow of
shadowed by
 Patricia Hunter and several hundred co-plaintiffs who live in the shadow of Canary Wharf Tower, London, claimed damages in nuisance.
 It's a leafy little road, middle-class in an Iraqi way, educated families living in villas shadowed by palm trees.
a las puertas de 
on the threshold of
 It is especially vital that we solicit their comments now we are on the threshold of tremendously exciting programs.
a las tantas  
in the small hours (of the morning)
in the wee hours (of the morning)
 My Jewish grandfather/mentor always tells me how he gets the most work done in the small hours of the morning before the rest of the world.
 Get up in the wee hours of the morning and head out into the country, far from the city lights so you can observe tomorrow's meteor shower.
a la tercera va la vencida 
third time lucky
 The big question ahead of tomorrow's cup meeting is will it be third time lucky for Russian high jumper Ivan Ukhov?.
a la última   
hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.]
on the fast track
hipped
 Digerati is the digital version of literati and refers to a vague cloud of people seen to be knowledgeable, hip, or otherwise in-the-know in regards to the digital revolution.
 The article 'On the fast track or the road to nowhere' points to the growing practice of subsuming public libraries into larger departments headed by non-librarians = El artículo "A la vanguardia o en un camino sin rumbo" pone de manifiesto la costumbre cada vez más frecuente de incluir las bibliotecas públicas dentro de órganismos más grandes dirigidos por personal no bibliotecario.
 The dancers were using blue feather fans and they made moves that looked spectactular and the choreography was very hipped and daring.
a la vanguardia      
on the cutting edge
on the leading edge
in the fast lane
on the fast track
at the leading edge
on the bleeding edge
 The library has stayed on the cutting edge of technology.
 Academic libraries have been on the leading edge in the provision of services, navigation aids, and user training for the Internet = Las bibliotecas académicas han estado a la vanguardia de la provisión de servicios, herramientas de navegación y formación de usuarios de Internet.
 The article 'A charmed brew: document delivery and collection in the fast lane' examines the implications of the proliferation of document delivery services and types of access available for librarians.
 The article 'On the fast track or the road to nowhere' points to the growing practice of subsuming public libraries into larger departments headed by non-librarians = El artículo "A la vanguardia o en un camino sin rumbo" pone de manifiesto la costumbre cada vez más frecuente de incluir las bibliotecas públicas dentro de órganismos más grandes dirigidos por personal no bibliotecario.
 This process is likely to be doomed in a discipline at the leading edge of the changes of the information society.
 We will talk about four trends on the bleeding edge that are shaping the fast moving e-conomy.
a la vanguardia de    
in the vanguard of
at the forefront of
in the forefront of/in
at the vanguard of
 The PACS Forum and other BITNET lists are in the vanguard of a movement to establish computer conferences for library professionals which will dramatically improve ability to communicate with remote colleagues about important, timely topics.
 CD-ROM products that combine, or bundle, related information services will be at the forefront because of their usefulness to end-users.
 Special librarians have, therefore, been in the forefront of the use of market research techniques in libraries.
 That serials librarians are at the vanguard of these changing possibilities, because traditional scholarly journals are so quickly adopting electronic technologies.
a la velocidad de la luz 
at the speed of light
 What this has meant is that in the 20th century, ideas are being sourced from all over the globe; and at the speed oflight, so to speak.
a la velocidad del rayo 
at the speed of lightning
 Full marks to the film's creators for balancing a vision of a peaceful world with an adventure story that takes us forward at the speed of lightning.
a la velocidad del sonido 
at the speed of sound
 As an object moves through the atmosphere, the air is disturbed and the disturbances are transmitted through the air at the speed of sound.
a la venta 
on release
 This article reviews the first DVD-RW (DVD-Rewritable) on release in the UK.
a la vez               
at once
at one time
at similar times
at the same time
concurrently
side-by-side
simultaneously
at the same instant
in parallel
in tandem
at the one time
in a tandem fashion
at a time
in unison
pari passu
 Because not all files need to be reorganized at once, but only those which are very full, the time required for this procedure is reduced to a minimum.
 Maximum number of documents which can be charged out at one time.
 However, this joint venture may not be justifiable unless both a thesaurus and a classification scheme are in demand by one organisation at similar times.
 Author entry gives direct access to particular documents whilst at the same time collocating documents with the same author.
 An indexer who is familiar with a given indexing language may be capable of accomplishing the three stages concurrently.
 This sub-stage and the next one must proceed side-by-side.
 No one catalogue can satisfy all the requirements of all users simultaneously.
 He then dropped the metal suddenly into the mouth of the mould, and at the same instant gave it a jerk or toss to force the metal into the recesses of the matrix (the precise form of the jerk varying with the different letters).
 The afternoon sessions will run in parallel.
 In tandem, tiered instruction and assessment offer the opportunity to analyze the outcomes of specific levels of information literacy.
 For example, an obvious question is do most people only have one book on the go at the one time?.
 Most of them are mitotically stable, and the integration of the vector into the host genome frequently occurred in a tandem fashion.
 It is important to recognise that division must be by one principle at a time.
 Macaronic poetry is often used as a vehicle for humorous social criticism, but also as a ludic exercise and linguistic challenge, or simply for the delight of hearing different languages in unison.
 According to Walker, if a just system permits mercy, it nearly always becomes, pari passu, unjust = Según Walker, si un sistema justo permite la misericordia, casi siempre se convierte en injusto a la vez.
a la vez (que) 
hand in hand (with)
 Hand in hand with this comes the need for nurses to be able to question, evaluate and reflect on existing practice.
a la vez que   
cum
in conjunction with
in unison with
 Libraries as vital institutions of public culture are currently facing a crisis cum challenge.
 Rules for any given class must be used in conjunction with the schedules for that class.
 Good literature, in order to fulfil the demands of the time, must move in unison with society, keeping control over its speed.
a la vista     
in sight
within sight
in view
in plain sight
in plain view
 The trend is definitely towards the electronic submission, but the point where this method will entirely supplant the others is not yet in sight.
 As the major US telecommunications service providers install fibre optic cable, the availability of interactive video is within sight.
 There was not a living soul in view, but suddenly we saw a woman in a kerchief, felt boots and short fur coat.
 Anyway, it is well known that Fortuner is a soft target for spare tyre theft, as it hangs (in plain sight) under the boot of the vehicle.
 Giving a hickey is pretty easy, but removing one quickly is not, and having one in plain view can be embarrassing.
a la vista de  [También escrito in the light of]  [También escrito in light of]
in light of
in the light of
 This is essentially the traditional enterprise of cataloguing theory, but it is explored in light of current standards and developments.
 In the light of the information explosion, no researcher can now realistically expect to keep pace with developments in his own field, let alone those in allied fields = En vista del crecimiento vertiginoso de la información, siendo realista ahora el investigador no puede mantenerse al día en los avances de su propio campo y mucho menos de los de campos afines.
a la vuelta de 
on the return leg of
 Therefore, on the return leg of your walk you will be alerted to the point where you turned left on the way out.
a la zaga  
not far behind
in tow
 Not far behind football in terms of profile is rugby (slightly similar to American Football, but without the excessive padding).
 The women have either come for their monthly antenatal checkups or postnatal visits, healthy babies in tow.
al borde de la extinción   
on the verge of extinction
on the edge of extinction
on the brink of extinction
 A rare species of red deer found only in Indian Kashmir is on the verge of extinction, with only 160 animals in existence .
 Gorillas and chimps, two of man's closest relatives in the animal kingdom, will be on the edge of extinction within a decade.
 Mankind's closest living relatives - apes, monkeys, lemurs and other primates - are on the brink of extinction and in need of urgent conservation measures.
al borde la muerte 
on the brink of death
 A group of orphaned baby owls snuggle up to a cuddly toy which has become their surrogate mum after they were found on the brink of death in the wild.
al dedillo   
off pat
parrot-fashion
parrot-like
 This strategy has been designed for you to practice till you get it totally off pat so you can walk into a casino and operate it without thinking.
 There is no easy way to learn your times tables - you will have to try hard to memorise them 'parrot-fashion'.
 Repetition is a good component of learning Spanish, but this method became rather tedious and parrot-like for the student.
a lo ancho  
crosswise
crossways
 Peel onions, halve lengthways and slice very thinly crosswise.
 The best way to eat starfruit is to slice it crossways first so you get star shapes.
a lo extremo 
to the extreme
 An artist has taken his love for the outdoors to the extreme, by turning his caravan into a garden he can take anywhere.
a lo grande    
in a big way
big time
grandly
on a grand scale
 The United Nations (UN), its various information offices and its sister agencies are shifting into electronic publishing in a big way.
 They all enjoy doing their searches and find it a big time saver.
 I am convinced that China can hold this Olymipics game peacefully and grandly.
 A 'toxic combination' of poverty and social injustice is killing people on a grand scale, a World Health Organisation report said Thursday.
a lo hecho, pecho  
no use crying over spilt/spilled milk
you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!
 It may be no use crying over spilt milk but had the original constitution been more people-driven, perhaps things could have turned out different.
 After all, "you've made your bed, now you must lie in it," so there's no sense complaining.
a lo largo  
lengthwise
lengthways
 Officials say a ruptured section of pipeline that spewed oil into a southern Michigan river had a lengthwise rip less than five feet long.
 Peel onions, halve lengthways and slice very thinly crosswise.
a lo largo de   
along
down
throughout
 This means that a large number of messages can be combined together along the same line, giving economies of scales.
 Some users find the format of KWIC indexes unacceptable, they find alphabetical arrangement by keywords down the centre of a page, and wrapped-round titles awkward.
 Throughout this chapter the term 'document' is used to refer to any item which might be found in a library or information center or data base.
a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal 
sometime + Expresión Temporal
 Trends in computer and telecommunications technology are likely to push the public library out of its traditional market: providing recreational reading and information for adults; sometime in the 21st century.
a lo largo de la historia  
over time
throughout history
 A search can be extended over time by cycling, that is, starting with a source document, identifying those documents which it cites, and then identifying those documents which the original cited document cites, and so on.
 Throughout history, women have always done the cooking around the house.
a lo largo de la ruta 
along the way
 He reflected along the way on the conversation with the head of readers' services, and smiled when he concluded that Balzac's biorhythm chart must have been peaking at that very moment - or so he hoped.
a lo largo del tiempo  
longitudinal
longitudinally
 Medical libraries in hospitals were examined from longitudinal data collected in 1969, 1973, and 1979.
 These measures are most frequently used longitudinally, over a period of time in the same library, but they can also be used horizontally, between 2 or more libraries.
a lo largo de todo 
the entire length of
 It tells the story of one man's absurd quest to become the first person to walk the entire length of the Amazon River.
a lo largo de todo el año 
throughout the year
 Our company is committed to providing highest-quality fresh produce throughout the year.
a lo largo y ancho del país  [Adverbio]
countrywide [country-wide]
 Countrywide there are many examples of local and regional cooperation among other universities and higher education institutions generally.
a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar 
up and down + Lugar
 The Institute has a very small paid staff and a very large supporting cast of people up and down the country who serve it for the experience they gain from it.
a lo lejos  
in the distance
off in the distance
 In the distance we could see what looked like fog patches on the mountainside.
 We arrived back to camp and listened to the low moans of a lion off in the distance.
a lo loco  
helter-skelter
like there's no tomorrow
 The larger issues of higher education provide a context for redefining the helter-skelter relationship of teaching and research.
 The way to live like there's no tomorrow is to basically love life and be as crazy as possible and take risks and chances.
a lo máximo   [También at the most]  [También at most]
at best
at most
at the most
 Facet analysis in UDC is, at best, inconsistent.
 The genesis of this brave new world of solid state logic, in which bibliographic data are reduced to phantasmagoria on the faces of cathode-ray tubes (CRT), extends at most only three-quarters of a decade into the dim past.
 The chemical systems described must be based on a small number of elements and composed of molecules having 8 atoms at the most.
a lo mejor 
perhaps
 For our profession, what we call information science, we need the courage of our conviction that we can establish or perhaps re-establish our credibility as a profession = Para nuestra disciplina, lo que denominamos documentación, necesitamos la fuerza de la convicción de que podemos establecer o quizás restablecer nuestra credibilidad como profesión.
a lo que salga 
come what may
 He has promised to bring Sam back, and will do so come what may, even if it involves a trudge across the country in snowshoes.
a los ojos de 
in the eyes of
 Another negative point, at least in the eyes of most North American consumers, is the encyclopedia's strong British flavor.
a los pocos minutos 
within minutes
 Typical examples of enquiries of this kind that could be satisfied within minutes in any decently stocked library are 'Have you got anything on organising weddings?' 'Can you find me something on the history of paddle-steamers?'.
a los pocos segundos 
within moments
 Within moments, however, the birds began to squawk, almost scream at each other.
a lo sumo   [También at the most]  [También at most]
at best
at most
at the most
 Facet analysis in UDC is, at best, inconsistent.
 The genesis of this brave new world of solid state logic, in which bibliographic data are reduced to phantasmagoria on the faces of cathode-ray tubes (CRT), extends at most only three-quarters of a decade into the dim past.
 The chemical systems described must be based on a small number of elements and composed of molecules having 8 atoms at the most.
a lo tonto  
for nothing
just like that
 This is not to say that scholarly authors are so altruistic that they are prepared to write books for nothing; indeed in my own researches I have come across situations where authors felt deeply about the way that publishers had treated them financially.
 All I have to say is nothing happens just like that overnight, it takes time and exhausting waiting.
a lo tonto, a lo tonto 
before + Pronombre + know it
 And, before I knew it, she had shoved her whole head in my coffee cup and taken a big slurp of my coffee!.
a lo zombi 
zombielike
 Cataloging should certainly not be a joyless, irrelevant, and zombielike process.
al tuntún       
for no reason
for no specific reason
for no particular reason
for no good reason
without rhyme or reason
aimlessly
randomly
 When women frequently go to family restaurants, this leads to them going out of their homes excessively for no reason, which goes against the command of Allah.
 On February 20, 2000, she was arrested at home by police for no specific reason and illegally detained for fifteen days.
 Nearly a third of internet users go online on a typical day for no particular reason, just for fun or to pass the time.
 He was refering to the unbelievable action taken by the riot police who for no good reason decided to go to town on innocent fans.
 Many disliked the movement, which was abstract and appeared to be without rhyme or reason.
 A new study has cautioned parents from allowing their teenage children to roam aimlessly without any supervision.
 The reason for this is that the qualifier, Public Libraries, is randomly distributed depending on whether other facets are cited in between.
a mano       
by hand
manually
nearby [near-by]
handy
within reach
within easy reach
at + Posesivo + fingertips
 A screen is displayed which allows scanning of the bar-coded numbers or entry of the numbers by hand.
 Title indexes of this type could be generated manually, but they are particularly easy to produce with the aide of a computer.
 An earlier leakage had prompted library staff to make arrangements with a nearby firm of book conservation specialists in the event of a further disaster.
 The desire soon dies away and the book is forgotten if copies are not handy = El deseo pronto muere y el libro se olvida si no hay ejemplares a mano.
 It is well worth the trouble to examine and negotiate financial matters with NGOs within reach in the country or the region to take advantage of their various assitance policies.
 Local catalogues are of great value in showing at a glance the contents of libraries within easy reach.
 Once this is finished, acquiring lavish quality items at cheaper costs is at their fingertips.
a mano alzada 
by a show of hands
 A second resolution, altering the number of members required for a meeting to be quorate was also passed by a show of hands.
a mano derecha de  
on the right side of
on the right-hand side of
 The number of documents indexed by each of the cross-reference terms is shown on the right side of the display.
 The following is a list of countries of the world whose inhabitants drive on the right-hand side of the road.
a manojos 
by the handful
 On Crete the locals eat them by the handful and spit out the pits like watermelon seeds.
a mano limpia 
with + Posesivo + bare hands
 A woman who ripped off her ex-boyfriend's testicle with her bare hands has been sent to prison.
a manos de 
at the hands of
 Stanley C Holliday hammers home the same message by more whimsical means hinting darkly that a sticky end at the hands of irritated colleagues awaits all librarians who fail to make adequate and accurate notes.
a mantas       
by the bucketful
by the bucketload
by the shipload
by the ton
in shiploads
in vast quantities
in large quantities
 I could seriously eat this by the bucketful without any regrets whatsoever.
 Those one-off singles may sell by the bucketload but everyone knows that has nothing to do with good music.
 Glass beads from Italy and Czechoslovakia were imported by the shipload and used like money for trading.
 200g of chocolate is enough to kill a dog and yet we eat the stuff by the ton every year.
 From Europe they came in shiploads looking for gold.
 Standard components can be manufactured in vast quantities, keeping costs down.
 Vitamins and minerals taken in large quantities, without the advice of a specialist, may affect the human body.
a marchas forzadas  
in a rush
against the clock
 In a rush to computerize records, records managers may overlook the need to establish a sound basis for manual filing systems.
 Health care workers working against the clock want and need better information faster and for this they need training.
a mares  [Generalmente referido a la lluvia]
cats and dogs
 It was hailing cats and dogs the other day, and I was still tailgated by a moron in a large SUV (sport utilitarian vehicle).
a más largo plazo 
longer-term
 Long-distance high-rate data transmission is possible at the present time by combining a number of narrow-band channels, but the longer-term solution is the installation of a new wide-band network.
a más , más  
the + Comparativo ..., the + Comparativo ...
 The more secondary themes that are indexed in a document, the more documents that will be retrieved.
a más tardar 
at the latest
 By July 2001 at the latest the Freedom of Information Act will become applicable to universities.
a mata caballo    
in a hurry
hurried
hurriedly
helter-skelter
 Unfortunately, the basic problem was to get the file cleaned up in a hurry, and nobody was particularly concerned with research.
 Capital funding usually took the form of end-of-year 'windfalls' needing to be spent in hectic haste necessitating hurried decision making.
 And he added hurriedly: 'I felt I could work with her though'.
 The larger issues of higher education provide a context for redefining the helter-skelter relationship of teaching and research.
a media asta  
at half-mast
at half staff
 The flags flew at half-mast on Sunday in honour of Poland's president and over 90 other top officials who died in an air crash on Saturday.
 Obama orders US flags to be flown at half staff in honor of 29 miners killed in blast.
a mediados de 
in the middle decades of
 Today, with its population of almost 80,000, Wexler bears little resemblance to the roaring lumber center it became in the middle decades of the nineteenth century.
a mediados de + Fecha 
in the mid + Fecha
 In the mid-1980s, a large coast-to-coast network that interconnected many smaller networks was created.
a mediados de semana 
midweek
 Each person works two and a half days a week and this allows a midweek crossover period so that communication between them is not restricted to notes and phone calls.
a media jornada 
half-time [half time]
 The service is staffed by one paid co-ordinator, a half-time clerk-typist and twenty-five volunteers.
a media mañana 
mid-morning
 Course fees include study materials, mid-morning coffee, lunch, and afternoon tea breaks but not accommodation.
a medianoche 
at midnight
 At midnight, one pirate arose, opened the chest, and counted out the gold pieces into five even piles.
a medias   
half-hearted [halfhearted]
qualified
half-baked
 Yet the response from government has been half-hearted at best.
 The majority of projects are small, poorly funded, and only a qualified success.
 Sony made a 'half-hearted, half-baked' response to cyberattacks that compromised personal information for as many as 100 million people.
a medias entre y 
betwixt and between
 The villages live betwixt and between the nomadic pastoral culture of the interior and seafaring culture of the coast.
a medida  
custom
bespoke
 Theory covered in the workshop will be firmly grounded in practice so that participants leave with a strong sense of where to begin in setting up a custom digital imaging operation.
 The software package 'MULTITRIEVE 2' was developed as a means of producing bespoke information retrieval systems.
a medida que + avanzar + el año 
as the year + wear on
 He began his last year well enough, but as the year wore on and graduation day loomed up he became less interested than usual in anything to do with school.
a medida que + avanzar + el día 
as the day + wear on
 The information desk, microfilm reader, photocopier, and reference shelves became more heavily used as the day wore on = El mostrador de información, el lector de microfilm, la fotocopiadores y la sección de referencia se utilizaban más conforme avanzaba el día.
a medida que pasaba el tiempo  [Expresión usada con una frase en el pasado] 
as time passed (by)
as time went by
 As time passed by, she realised that most South Africans preferred orange squash to the bitter tangy taste of lemon squash.
 As time went by, the colors started to fade and the paint began to flake from the heat and light of the sun.
a medida que pasa el tiempo  [Expresión usada con una frase en el presente]
as time passes (by)
 As time passes by, our collections grow ever larger and the problems of storage and retrieval become ever more pressing.
a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal 
as + Expresión Temporal + go by
 As months and years and generations go by, later printings will be based sometimes upon earlier printings.
a medida que + pasar + el año 
as the year + wear on
 He began his last year well enough, but as the year wore on and graduation day loomed up he became less interested than usual in anything to do with school.
a medida que + pasar + el día 
as the day + wear on
 The information desk, microfilm reader, photocopier, and reference shelves became more heavily used as the day wore on = El mostrador de información, el lector de microfilm, la fotocopiadores y la sección de referencia se utilizaban más conforme avanzaba el día.
a medida que se necesite    
on demand
on request
as required
as needed
 An automatic chasing system is provided for unfulfilled orders, but individual items may also be chased on demand.
 The full query set is available for examination and experimental use on request.
 Convenient, cheap and quick to reproduce, so that copies may be supplied as required for branches, other libraries and so on.
 New serials and back volumes are handled as needed.
a medida que + transcurrir + el año 
as the year + wear on
 He began his last year well enough, but as the year wore on and graduation day loomed up he became less interested than usual in anything to do with school.
a medida que + transcurrir + el día 
as the day + wear on
 The information desk, microfilm reader, photocopier, and reference shelves became more heavily used as the day wore on = El mostrador de información, el lector de microfilm, la fotocopiadores y la sección de referencia se utilizaban más conforme avanzaba el día.
a medio abrir 
half-opened
 The research and conclusions are published in full in the author's book 'The half-opened Door' = La investigación y las conclusiones se publicaron en su totalidad en el libro del autor "La puerta entreabierta".
a medio acabar 
half-finished
 A half-read book is a half-finished love affair.
a medio camino 
halfway [half-way/half way]
 This is an acceptable half-way stage to automation for older material.
a medio comprender 
half-understood
 What they will not do is clear up the foggy area in most cataloguers' minds, the area that leads to an inconsistent application of half-understood principles'.
a medio concebir 
half-baked
 Sony made a 'half-hearted, half-baked' response to cyberattacks that compromised personal information for as many as 100 million people.
a medio formar 
half-formed
 She attempted to define to herself the thoughts that lay half-formed in the depth of her mind.
a medio fuego 
medium heat
 Whisk ingredients together, pour into oiled waffle iron, and cook on medium heat until steam starts coming out of the sides.
a medio galope 
at a canter
 Some horses buck when they're young and unbalanced, especially at a canter.
a medio hacer   
halfway done
half done
half-baked
 When the pasta is halfway done, return the skillet with the sauce to a medium heat, adding the oregano, capers and olives.
 Five years after they took control of war-ravaged Afghanistan, reconstruction remains a job half done.
 Sony made a 'half-hearted, half-baked' response to cyberattacks that compromised personal information for as many as 100 million people.
a medio leer 
half-read
 A half-read book is a half-finished love affair.
a medio plazo     
medium-term
near-term
in the medium term
in the mid-term
mid-term [midterm]
 One of the recommendations made by the group was to identify medium-term (five years) and longer-term needs for expanding the existing system.
 The IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) is another volunteer organization; it meets regularly to discuss operational and near-term technical problems of the Internet.
 CD-ROM may be a transient technology being overtaken by multimedia and improved online services but in the medium term its applications will increase.
 A reduction of approximately 40% is to be expected in the mid-term.
 The mid-term weight loss is similar with both techniques.
a medio rimar 
half-rhymed
 That passage contains an alliterative procession of half-rhymed words and too many commas.
a medio terminar 
half-finished
 A half-read book is a half-finished love affair.
a medio vestir 
half dressed
 She was seen Sunday morning at 6 AM, only half dressed, barefoot and bleary-eyed outside a friend's house in London.
a menor escala 
at a reduced rate
 Results showed that losses still occurred, at a reduced rate, but that vandalism appeared to be on the increase.
a menos que  
unless
short of
 The future of the scheme is questionable unless more positive central management can be achieved.
 After days of contemplating the large number of variables I now believe that a leisure society is inevitable, short of global catastrophe.
a menudo  
oftentimes [often times]
ofttimes [oft-times]
 Oftentimes, we conduct our research on related areas to help solve problems in our own field.
 Within each of us, ofttimes, there dwells a mighty and raging fury.
a merced de 
at the mercy of
 Currently the belief is that subscription agents are middlemen at the mercy of decreasing discounts from publishers and increasing savings on the part of libraries.
a mí 
me
 Let me offer an illustration.
a miles 
by the thousands
 By the autumn of 1867, people were dying by the thousands.
a mi modo de ver 
in my books
 In my books they did the right thing by bringing the problem up as early as they could, the failing was FIA's inability to act on this early enough to do something constructive about it.
a mi parecer  
methinks
in my books
 For, methinks, the present condition of man is like a field, where battle hath been lately fought.
 In my books they did the right thing by bringing the problem up as early as they could, the failing was FIA's inability to act on this early enough to do something constructive about it.
a mitad de  
half way through
halfway through
 This article describes the content of the project and the results which have been obtained until now, almost half way through the project.
 Halfway through the prayer he screamed and fell backwards, smashing his head open on a rock.
a mitad de camino  
halfway [half-way/half way]
mid-course
 This is an acceptable half-way stage to automation for older material.
 To this end, a project schedule is important for detecting delays and making mid-course adjustments to avoid them.
a mitad de camino entre 
midway between
 The indicative abstract can thus be seen as occupying a place midway between the usual form of entries in an indexing service on the one hand and a fully developed abstracting service on the other.
a mitad de camino entre y  
half way between... and...
astride... and...
 Sometime in the later eighteenth century an ingenious version of stereotyping called dabbing was developed, whereby a pattern of wood or metal was dabbed into the surface of a quantity of type-metal that was half way between its solid and its molten state; the dabbed metal was then used as a matrix for striking a copy of the original in similarly half-molten metal.
 It occupies 15 square miles on the shore of Lake Tiemblo, and because of its location astride major rail and highway facilities it is a center of industry and shopping.
a mitad de curso 
mid-course
 To this end, a project schedule is important for detecting delays and making mid-course adjustments to avoid them.
a mitad de la medicación 
mid-pack
 I was wondering what are common side effects after stopping the pill mid-pack.
a mitad de paquete 
mid-pack
 I was wondering what are common side effects after stopping the pill mid-pack.
a mitad de precio 
at half price
 Buy one at full price and get one at half price.
a mitad de recorrido 
mid-course
 To this end, a project schedule is important for detecting delays and making mid-course adjustments to avoid them.
a mitad en 
halfway down
 Sometimes the cork breaks off halfway down the neck of the bottle.
a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad 
turnabout is fair play
 The article 'Turnabout is fair play' discusses a clause of US copyright law that lets scholars excerpt for purposes of criticism, scholarship and education, as long as the excerpts meet certain criteria.
a modo de   
by way of
in the vein of
as a kind of
 An annotation is a note added to the title and/or other bibliographic information concerning a document, by way of comment or explanation.
 During the nearly hour long interview the interviewing board and the candidate had roamed freely over an enormous range of topics, much of it in the vein of small-talk.
 In a way, it is acting as a kind of bridge between the two, permitting traffic both ways where once there was a divide.
a modo de aclaración  
in parenthesis
on a sidenote
 Let us hope too, in parenthesis, that one error it is no longer necessary to extirpate is that a reference book is one that is not available for loan.
 On a sidenote, this book almost didn't happen when the author showed her editor her proposal.
a modo de advertencia  
cautionary
precautionary
 This is a humourous and cautionary fictionalised account of a disastrous author visit to a public library to do a reading for children.
 The following guidelines are precautionary, but they'll prevent problems from happening down the line.
a modo de ejemplo 
by way of illustration
 The author discusses the use of puppets to complement storytelling sessions in libraries using a well-known fairy tale by way of illustration.
a modo de explicación 
parenthetically
 And may I say parenthetically that two publishers out of the enormous number that are so often touted as belonging to the CIP program are now printing their own homemade and superior cataloging in publication data.
a modo de ilustración 
by way of illustration
 The author discusses the use of puppets to complement storytelling sessions in libraries using a well-known fairy tale by way of illustration.
a modo de inciso  
in passing
by the way of (a) digression
 She also indicated in passing that in future authors would not automatically pass over the copyright of research results in papers to publishers.
 That, I may say by way of a digression, has never been my main objection to socialism.
a modo de paréntesis 
parenthetical
 In a parenthetical remark he made, in terms of classification, he said - and this is not an exact quote - both the Library of Congress and Berkeley are considering closing their stacks.
a modo de prólogo 
prefatory
 Having made this prefatory warning, it has also to be said that many teachers successfully contrive to make reviewing an enjoyable and useful ingredient in their book and reading programs.
a modo de resumen 
wrap-up
 The workshop itself will serve as the wrap-up event for a project that has spent the last two years seeking to improve access to environmental information in the Balkan region.
a mogollón  
aplenty [a-plenty]
galore
 The article 'CD-ROM licenses: pitfalls aplenty!' advises how to deal with the licenses which subscribers are required to sign on purchase of CD-ROM products for use in libraries = El artículo "Las licencias de CD-ROM: ¡dificultades a montón!" aconseja cómo negociar las licencias que los suscriptores tienen que firmar al comprar productos CD-ROM para uso en la biblioteca.
 There have been promises galore made to delegation after delegation of the film industry, but all the promises have been just promises, hollow and empty.
a montón  
aplenty [a-plenty]
galore
 The article 'CD-ROM licenses: pitfalls aplenty!' advises how to deal with the licenses which subscribers are required to sign on purchase of CD-ROM products for use in libraries = El artículo "Las licencias de CD-ROM: ¡dificultades a montón!" aconseja cómo negociar las licencias que los suscriptores tienen que firmar al comprar productos CD-ROM para uso en la biblioteca.
 There have been promises galore made to delegation after delegation of the film industry, but all the promises have been just promises, hollow and empty.
a montonazos       
by the shipload
by the ton
in shiploads
in vast quantities
in large quantities
by the bucketful
by the bucketload
 Glass beads from Italy and Czechoslovakia were imported by the shipload and used like money for trading.
 200g of chocolate is enough to kill a dog and yet we eat the stuff by the ton every year.
 From Europe they came in shiploads looking for gold.
 Standard components can be manufactured in vast quantities, keeping costs down.
 Vitamins and minerals taken in large quantities, without the advice of a specialist, may affect the human body.
 I could seriously eat this by the bucketful without any regrets whatsoever.
 Those one-off singles may sell by the bucketload but everyone knows that has nothing to do with good music.
a montones         
in (their) droves
by the sackful
by the shipload
by the ton
in shiploads
in vast quantities
in large quantities
by the bucketful
by the bucketload
 Industry sales eventually peaked in 1993, and the artificial bubble burst as disillusioned speculators left the comic book market in droves, never to return.
 Kolya transported the harvested cucumbers to the village store where the locals bought them by the sackful.
 Glass beads from Italy and Czechoslovakia were imported by the shipload and used like money for trading.
 200g of chocolate is enough to kill a dog and yet we eat the stuff by the ton every year.
 From Europe they came in shiploads looking for gold.
 Standard components can be manufactured in vast quantities, keeping costs down.
 Vitamins and minerals taken in large quantities, without the advice of a specialist, may affect the human body.
 I could seriously eat this by the bucketful without any regrets whatsoever.
 Those one-off singles may sell by the bucketload but everyone knows that has nothing to do with good music.
a muchos kilómetros de 
leagues away from
 One evening, as he was traveling through the mountains of that province, darkness overcame him in a very lonesome district, leagues away from any village.
a muchos niveles 
many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA]
 Overall, he provides a low-keyed, lucid account that, with its many-leveled approach, does more than justice to the complex themes it studies.
a muerte  
bitter
bitterly
 The author notes the work of Melvyl Dewey in espousing library education and the bitter opposition from some library leaders.
 They took part in many small-scale but often bitterly fought operations across the coastal lowlands.
a nadie le importa nada 
nobody + gives a damn
 Nobody outside of the acquisitions department gives a damn about the prices of books.
a nivel de barrio 
neighbourhood-based
 It is impossible to estimate the number of independent neighbourhood-based advice and information services currently in existence.
a nivel de calle   
on the ground level
street-level
at street level
 For instance, my sporting goods store is on the ground level and to the right - prime mall location.
 A characteristic of 80% of those involved in street-level prostitution in the UK is the need to finance a serious drug habit.
 At street level we find the shop window where we enjoy a sample of what can be found inside.
a nivel de detalle 
on a micro level
 On a micro level this is witnessed in the office where the relationship between superiors and subordinates is relatively casual.
a nivel de la calle 
at ground level
 Entrance is at a domed foyer at ground level and seating provided in the new facility accommodates over 200 students.
a nivel del suelo 
at ground level
 We have now introduced 'kik-steps' and similar aids and raised the height of shelving somewhat - bottom shelves are now often at ground level.
a nivel estatal 
statewide [state-wide]
 Statewide boards would have to be set up to monitor books and periodicals.
a nivel federal  
federally
federally
 Brown focussed on the extent to which federally and privately generated information should be restricted = Brown habló principalmente de hasta qué punto se debería restringir el acceso a la información producida a nivel federal y privado.
 Brown focussed on the extent to which federally and privately generated information should be restricted = Brown habló principalmente de hasta qué punto se debería restringir el acceso a la información producida a nivel federal y privado.
a nivel individual 
privately
 Pressmen sometimes employed boys privately by the week to take printed sheets off the tympan, and thus speed up their rate of work = Los impresores algunas veces empleaban por su cuenta y por semanas a chicos aprendices para retirar del tímpano los pliegos impresos y así acelerar su ritmo de trabajo.
a nivel internacional 
internationally
 However, this work cannot be prescriptive since local citation practices may deviate from internationally agreed norms.
a nivel local   
locally
domestically
in-house [inhouse]
 There are software packages which permit the storage of search profiles locally.
 There are almost 80 domestically produced data bases at the public's disposal and their number is rapidly growing.
 Thus there are many different thesauri, some published and others strictly in-house.
a nivel multicultural 
multi-culturally [multiculturally]
 My advice to young scientists: be a pest - ask questions and don't be satisfied with all answers; have the heart of a lion; have the patience of Job; be multi-culturally competent; and the only correct route to success is your own.
a nivel mundial  
worldwide [world-wide]
globally
 In 1985 there were 889 million illiterates worldwide.
 This article aims to examine both currently and globally the varying degrees of application of information technology to information services in several continents.
a nivel nacional    [Adverbio]
nationally
domestically
countrywide [country-wide]
 Mr. Berman and many others of you can speak far more authoritatively than I about how LC copy is distributed nationally in the form of MARC records, cards, and so forth, and about networking.
 LANs help organizations gain a competitive edge, both domestically and internationally.
 Countrywide there are many examples of local and regional cooperation among other universities and higher education institutions generally.
a nivel privado 
privately
 Pressmen sometimes employed boys privately by the week to take printed sheets off the tympan, and thus speed up their rate of work = Los impresores algunas veces empleaban por su cuenta y por semanas a chicos aprendices para retirar del tímpano los pliegos impresos y así acelerar su ritmo de trabajo.
a nivel regional 
regionally
 There is a need for bibliographic control of regionally produced material.
a nombre de 
payable to
 To register send the form together with an international bank transfer, bank cheque o bank draft, payable to University Library V.U.B., Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 BRUSSEL, Belgium.
a no ser que  
unless
apart from
 The future of the scheme is questionable unless more positive central management can be achieved.
 Apart from the names of subjects, the names of corporate bodies, persons, chemicals, trade products, and trade names are some other possibilities.
a nosotros 
us
 To us at first it seemed very large, but as we got into the research we found it was very small, so we did unofficial studies.
a ojo 
ocular
 Dictation, moreover, is inherently less accurate than ocular copying as a method of transcription.
a ojos vista 
before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes
 Much of what lies before our eyes today like a tongue of fire - animal pestilences and the poisoning of our foodstuffs - was already announced many years ago.
a orillas del océano 
oceanfront
 A man and a woman were killed at a luxury oceanfront resort when police fired into their bungalow after they refused to drop a handgun.
a orillas del río 
riverfront
 With its riverfront orientation and steps leading down to the esplanade, the library evokes a Greek devotional temple.
a orillas de un lago   
lakeside
lakefront
by the lakeside
 Nestled among the majestic white pines in central Wisconsin are 17 lakeside cabins located on a secluded spot on beautiful Castle Rock Lake.
 This 21-acre lakefront park features a beach with a gradual slope and sandy bottom.
 He stood in a group of others like him by the lakeside and waited until the morning.
a oscuras  
in the dark
in darkness
 If you run in the dark, you can increase your chances of avoiding an accident by wearing clothing that makes you more visible.
 Forever, they walked and worked in darkness, hiding from the light in the darkness of night.
a otro sitio 
somewhere else
 This means that a reader accustomed to finding 'his' books on a particular shelf may well be aggrieved to find that they have been moved somewhere else.
a pares 
in pairs
 In pairs, they looked after the condition of one section of the stock or had other areas of responsibility under the seniors.
a partes iguales  
share and share alike
in equal measure(s)
 Results suggest that people endorse a 'losers weepers' norm more often than they do a 'finders keepers' or 'share and share alike' norm, although all were endorsed.
 Despite the fact I heard twitters of laughter from the audience, there is nothing funny in this movie, which mocks Christianity, Judaism, and Islam in equal measures.
a partir de      
on the basis of
based on
working from
from
on a diet of
in response to
 In addition, there is an element of perpetuation about the establishment of headings on the basis of reference sources.
 Libraries will make judgements based on criteria such as better information resources, quicker answers, and more cost-effective services = Las bibliotecas tomarán decisiones de acuerdo con criterios tales como mejores recursos informativos, rapidez de respuesta y servicios más rentables.
 In the case of index terms, these will be assigned by a (human) indexer working from the document and probably a thesaurus or authority file.
 From the analysis of some 5760 questions, Wilkinson and Miller developed a 'step approach' to differentiate reference questions according to how many judgmental steps were required to answer them.
 No true reader can be expected to grow on a diet of prescribed texts on regardless of how well chosen they are.
 You have seen that the basic principle in information retrieval is to search only a limited part of the store in response to each request.
a partir de ahora      
from now on
from this point on
henceforth
as of now
from now onward(s)
from this time on
 From now on we will refer to library catalogues simply as catalogues.
 From this point on in the text the Colon Classification will be referred to by the commonly used abbreviation CC.
 Henceforth the inventory function was no longer to be a part of the functions of the library's catalog.
 Public inputs received on proposed new methodologies will be as of now available in the CDM web site.
 From now onwards you're going to spend most of your life at work so it's much better to be involved in something you love.
 My hope is in the Lord from this time on and evermore.
a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años 
for + Cuantificador + years to come
 These, and similar, questions are likely to form the subject of debate for some years to come.
a partir de aquí 
hereupon
 Hereupon proposals are made in order to determine which index types are the most appropriate tools for the analysis and retrieval in the various document collections.
a partir de ello 
therefrom
 The author describes the complexities of some secondary source publications and the problems of information retrieval therefrom.
a partir de entonces        
from this time on
hereafter
thereafter
whereafter
from then on
thenceforth
henceforth
from that moment on
 By 1960 a draft code had been produced, and from this time on, British and American Committees co-operated closely.
 Later cataloguing codes have tended to regard filing as a separate issue, and hereafter, special codes for filing are evident.
 At the two extremes, the order may simply be decided for each topic as and when it arises, and followed thereafter.
 No further developments in binding technology took place until the 1850s, whereafter most of the innovators were American, not English.
 Until the mid seventeenth century compositors generally sat to their work, but from then on it became more usual to compose standing up, an easier position for fast work.
 From 1751 to 1766 he copied out the details of all the various processes in two books, which were thenceforth kept in the factory's archives.
 Henceforth the inventory function was no longer to be a part of the functions of the library's catalog.
 Compound interest is the concept of adding accumulated interest back to the principal, so that interest is earned on interest from that moment on.
a partir de ese momento 
from that moment on
 Compound interest is the concept of adding accumulated interest back to the principal, so that interest is earned on interest from that moment on.
a partir de este momento 
hereinafter
 Apply this rule to legislative enactments and decrees of a political jurisdiction and decrees of a chief executive having the force of law (hereinafter referred to as laws).
a partir de esto  
on this basis
on that basis
 On this basis innovative programmes would provide graduates with in-demand skills to complement the currently dominant model of technology-driven programmes.
 On that basis, consistency rose significantly, with 81% agreement among the three indexers = Como consecuencia, la coincidencia aumentó significativamente, obteniéndose una coincidencia del 81% entre los tres indizadores.
a partir de + Fecha  
from + Fecha
effective + Fecha
 This was a spur to several other London boroughs who set up shop-front consumer advice centres from 1972.
 We will be on red alert effective today, which means that we will place on stand-by at least 2,000 soldiers to prepare for any incident in the Labor Day holiday.
a partir de hoy 
as from today
 As from today, any white farmer still on his land will be deemed to be trespassing on state property.
a partir de la medianoche 
late night
 In 1996 the library expanded its opening hours to meet the needs of the students for a late night quiet study facility.
a partir de los títulos 
title-based
 Title-based subject indexes have been used as indexes to local abstracting and indexing publications = Los índices de materias a partir de los títulos se han utilizado para indizar las publicaciones de resúmenes hechas por la propia biblioteca.
a paso de tortuga 
at a snail's pace
 For our small academic center, we're trying to do something for free, and muddling along at a snail's pace.
a paso ligero 
on the double
 The article is entitled 'Learning on the double'.
a pasos agigantados   
at an exponential rate
at exponential rates
by leaps and bounds
 Information technology continues to develop at an exponential rate.
 Computer and telecommunication technologies, which are advancing at exponential rates, are greatly enhancing the ability to communicate.
 Diagnostic procedures, treatment and surgical techniques for zoo animals have advanced by leaps and bounds in recent years.
a pedir de boca  
without a hitch
without a glitch
 Should files follow the 8.3 standard or can long file names be used without a hitch?.
 Suprisingly, Windows had no boot issues at all, it started up without a glitch.
a pelo 
bareback
 This was her first time cantering, and she did it bareback too!.
a pequeña escala  
in a small way
small scale [small-scale]
 The serialization of new fiction in half-crown monthly magazines such as Blackwood's started in a small way in the 1820s, and grew in importance during the following decade.
 While similar systems have been developed on an experimental basis in the past, these have usually been restricted to small scale collections.
a perpetuidad 
in perpetuity
 Image degradation is no longer a threat and the original can be reproduced in perpetuity with no loss of image quality.
a pesar de 
in the teeth of
 They remain a people who cling to their distinct identity in the teeth of persistent rejection.
a pesar de (que)       
albeit (that)
despite
in spite of
notwithstanding
although
despite the fact that
in spite of the fact that
 Present, classical catalog designs are elaborations, albeit considerable elaborations, of these sixteenth-century developments.
 The scheme covers all knowledge, despite being special in purpose.
 In spite of its inherent conservatism, the BM code favours direct entry.
 Notwithstanding these activities, the printed word remains an essential vehicle for transmitting information to both specialized and general audiences.
 These are the strengths of the Journal of Common Market Studies, although even this journal has a wider remit than its title suggest.
 Strangely enough, despite the fact that he was buddies with Henry Kissinger at Harvard, he is registered as a member of the Democratic Party.
 In spite of the fact that the investigation of the relationship of these two factors would be very important, there is still hardly any research done on this topic.
a pesar de todo       
all the same
in spite of everything
despite everything
despite it all
in spite of it all
all this said
regardless
 All the same, I think the incident improbable because he has been represented up till then as a cold, careful character.
 The film is less about idealism in the face of adversity than dumb resilience in spite of everything.
 The novel describes people waging an unequal struggle against circumstances and remaining hopeful despite everything.
 However, despite it all, Ludlam remains something of an enigma.
 Wharton makes it abundantly clear that, in spite of it all, she has numerous chances to take charge of her life.
 All this said, he is a restless person, but in the active, productive sense rather than a fidget.
 What can we do is rethink our query, or we can 'bash on regardless' using the power of the computer to perform lots more searches in the hope that 'something will turn up'.
a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre 
for all + Posesivo + Nombre
 For all our catholicity, freedom and desire to serve all who can be served there is a distinct difference between the library as an indiscriminate universal provider and the library as an instrument for the creation of whole personalities.
a petición de    
at the request of
at the urging of
at the behest of
upon request of
 These articles were prepared at the request of the American Library Association by Jenner & Block, its attorneys.
 The superintendent withdrew his request at the urging of the city manager, who suggested he defer it until a more apposite time.
 During the early 1940s, at the behest of then President Roosevelt, he led the drive to build the first atomic bomb.
 The Board will meet upon written notification by its President or upon request of at least three members from the Board.
a petición del usuario  
on demand
on request
 An automatic chasing system is provided for unfulfilled orders, but individual items may also be chased on demand.
 The full query set is available for examination and experimental use on request.
a petición popular 
by popular demand
 The usual tactic of marketing departments is to insist that a show has come 'back by popular demand'.
a pie   
on foot
afoot
dismounted
 51.2% of the users come to the library on foot and 38.9% take about 40 minutes to reach the library.
 The respectable young woman (her weeds again in immaculate condition hardly suggestive of many days spent travelling afoot) looked with innocent curiosity.
 Each platoon's personnel carriers followed the dismounted elements of the platoon.
a pie de calle  
street-level
at street level
 A characteristic of 80% of those involved in street-level prostitution in the UK is the need to finance a serious drug habit.
 At street level we find the shop window where we enjoy a sample of what can be found inside.
a pilas 
battery-operated
 The data pen system is supported by battery-operated equipment, but the life of the batteries would not be sufficient to sustain the library's full service for a lengthy period.
a pique 
sinking
 Other boats lay on their oars in the vicinity of the sinking ship, a few survivors being rescued from the water.
a placer 
at will
 Once having got into the system, he or she can switch from database to database at will.
a plazos 
in instalments
 Money is deposited in a lump and can be withdrawn in a lump or in installments.
a plena luz del día  
in broad daylight
in plain daylight
 Gangs of hoodlums, aged as young as eight, are roaming the streets terrorising store owners and shoppers in broad daylight.
 This incident happened in plain daylight and in the wink of an eye.
a plena vista  
in plain sight
in plain view
 Anyway, it is well known that Fortuner is a soft target for spare tyre theft, as it hangs (in plain sight) under the boot of the vehicle.
 Giving a hickey is pretty easy, but removing one quickly is not, and having one in plain view can be embarrassing.
a pleno rendimiento  
in full swing
at full capacity
 And when the New Year celebrations were in full swing at the moment Britain entered the Community, how many people remember raising their glasses to Europe?.
 Iran's first nuclear power plant will be connected to the national grid at full capacity in the coming weeks.
a poca distancia 
not far behind
 Not far behind football in terms of profile is rugby (slightly similar to American Football, but without the excessive padding).
a poca distancia andando  
within walking distance
within an easy walk
 The pilot phase focused on the students at schools within walking distance of the Central Library.
 A great neighborhood has stores and shops that satisfy everyday needs within an easy walk from home.
a poca distancia a pie  
within an easy walk
within walking distance
 A great neighborhood has stores and shops that satisfy everyday needs within an easy walk from home.
 The pilot phase focused on the students at schools within walking distance of the Central Library.
a pocos minutos andando   
within walking distance
within easy walking distance
within an easy walk
 The pilot phase focused on the students at schools within walking distance of the Central Library.
 For those who wish to make their own arrangements for accommodation, there are many hotels within easy walking distance.
 A great neighborhood has stores and shops that satisfy everyday needs within an easy walk from home.
a pocos minutos a pie   
within walking distance
within easy walking distance
within an easy walk
 The pilot phase focused on the students at schools within walking distance of the Central Library.
 For those who wish to make their own arrangements for accommodation, there are many hotels within easy walking distance.
 A great neighborhood has stores and shops that satisfy everyday needs within an easy walk from home.
a popa 
astern
 In addition, a towboat without barges in front of it may be towing astern with the towline submerged - so stay clear! .
a porrillo   
by the handful
aplenty [a-plenty]
galore
 On Crete the locals eat them by the handful and spit out the pits like watermelon seeds.
 The article 'CD-ROM licenses: pitfalls aplenty!' advises how to deal with the licenses which subscribers are required to sign on purchase of CD-ROM products for use in libraries = El artículo "Las licencias de CD-ROM: ¡dificultades a montón!" aconseja cómo negociar las licencias que los suscriptores tienen que firmar al comprar productos CD-ROM para uso en la biblioteca.
 There have been promises galore made to delegation after delegation of the film industry, but all the promises have been just promises, hollow and empty.
a + Posesivo + aire  
to + Posesivo + heart's content
to + Posesivo + heart's delight
 The exhibition organized to mark the occasion was titled 'Rummage to your heart's content'.
 She wore fairy wings & jumped to her heart's delight on the trampoline.
a + Posesivo + alcance   
in the ballpark for + Pronombre
in + Posesivo + ballpark range
within + Posesivo + grasp
 We had a pretty tight budget but Spector 360 was in the ballpark for us and we felt it was way above all the others when it came to features and benefits.
 And when Craft gave us his estimate, it was right in our ballpark range.
 It seemed as if Fortune had but played with him, had put the prizealmost within his grasp and then as he reached for it had snatched itaway to tease and mock him.
a + Posesivo + anchas   
at ease
comfortably
freely
 The architectural styles of some library buildings make the new user feel oppressed, rather than welcome and at ease.
 In this reading mood we feel anxious, tired, lazy, worried - whatever causes us to reject demanding and 'new' literature and forces us to take up again books that are comfortably - and comfortingly - known and easily enjoyed.
 Members of the audience were invited to ask questions, make statements, and express themselves freely.
a + Posesivo + costa 
at + Posesivo + (own) expense
 They believe that the main use for government is for some people to lord it over others at their expense.
a + Posesivo + cuidado 
in + Posesivo + safekeeping
 Financial institutions are custodians and are therefore legally responsible for the items in their safekeeping.
a + Posesivo + discreción  
at will
at + Posesivo + (own) discretion
 Once having got into the system, he or she can switch from database to database at will.
 Heads of the participating libraries were in favour of a 'loose' resource sharing scheme where it should be at their own discretion to decide with whom to share their resources and at what level.
a + Posesivo + disposición 
at + Posesivo + disposal
 Very few libraries have implemented OSI applications and many library software developers still see OSI as irrelevant to their needs and inappropriate for the resources at their disposal.
a + Posesivo + entender  
to the best of + Posesivo + belief
to + Posesivo + mind
 The affidavit states that facts in the letter are true and accurate to the best of her belief.
 The second, and to my mind, much more important, purpose was to aid the human comprehension of descriptive data.
a + Posesivo + espaldas 
behind + Posesivo + back
 Nick then started to snigger evilly behind her back.
a + Posesivo + expensas 
at + Posesivo + (own) expense
 They believe that the main use for government is for some people to lord it over others at their expense.
a + Posesivo + favor  
in + Posesivo + favour
to + Posesivo + credit
 A further point in its favour was that the International Labour Office used it, with small variations.
 This publication identifies those organisations which have been 'patent active', with 10 or more patents to their credit in the last 12 years.
a + Posesivo + gusto 
in the manner of + Posesivo + choosing
 Each year, we encourage our staff members to devote 5% of their working hours to the charity of their choice, in the manner of their choosing.
a + Posesivo + juicio 
in + Posesivo + estimation
 That said, India, in my estimation, will take some beating.
a + Posesivo + manera 
in + Posesivo + own way
 Yet, in its own way, the press was taking the lead in putting pressure on the Community to adopt a more practical outlook, and by so doing kept the subject alive in the minds of the public.
a + Posesivo + parecer 
to + Posesivo + mind
 The second, and to my mind, much more important, purpose was to aid the human comprehension of descriptive data.
a + Posesivo + saber 
to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge
 To the best of her knowledge, she has no professional affiliations that create conflicts of interest with her editorial responsibilities.
a + Posesivo + saber y entender 
to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief
 The undersigned certifies to the best of his knowledge and belief that the applicant has not been convicted of a criminal offense .
a + Posesivo + servicio 
at + Posesivo + service
 The article 'Also at your service' describes the history, function, collection and facilities at the Science Museum Library, which serves as a back-up library to the British Library Lending Division.
a + Posesivo + sorprender 
much to + Posesivo + surprise
 Much to my surprise, they kept their word.
a + Posesivo + vista 
before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes
 Much of what lies before our eyes today like a tongue of fire - animal pestilences and the poisoning of our foodstuffs - was already announced many years ago.
a posteriori        
reactive
in retrospect
after-the-fact
hindsight
with hindsight
a posteriori
in hindsight
post hoc
 In all of the helping professions there is need for both active and reactive service.
 In retrospect, this was perhaps a rather inauspicious beginning, for the test apparently broke down in disarray over the question of relevance judgement.
 In the case of BUSHMEN and HOTTENTOTS, the peoples' real names don't even appear as after-the-fact, last minute cross-references to the defamatory form.
 This article notes that hindsight is always easier than foresight, and that some of these predictions should have been correct.
 We can see with hindsight that two early romans in particular set the pattern for the later development of the face which was to become the standard roman for most of the sixteenth century.
 Explicit differentiation is made between a priori relationships, ie those that are known in advance of scanning any particular document, and a posteriori relationships, ie those which are found only by scanning a particular document.
 In hindsight, it is easy to see a trajectory of inevitability that made MARC, the ISBDs, and AACR2 seem more the result of historical forces than the often faltering and separate steps they were in truth.
 You will probably recognize that the first alternative is a set of a priori comparisons, while the second is post hoc.
a precio de coste  
at cost price
at cost
 The library of the Universiy of the Pacific, California, offers on-line searching facilities to faculty and students at cost price.
 That the only approved treatment for a fatal infection is apparently not being offered at cost seems to me morally wrong.
a precio de costo  
at cost price
at cost
 The library of the Universiy of the Pacific, California, offers on-line searching facilities to faculty and students at cost price.
 That the only approved treatment for a fatal infection is apparently not being offered at cost seems to me morally wrong.
a precio de ganga   
at a steal
for a steal
for a bargain
 Any rooms booked at a steal to the guests is still better than having the rooms stay empty.
 This bistro not only serves a fabulous breakfast for a steal, but provides a quiet, elegant space for muck-a-mucks to powwow.
 Thrift shops are an excellent way to find cheap shoes, clothes, and antiques for a bargain!.
a precio especial     
at reduced cost
discounted
cut-rate
cut-price
at a discounted rate
 Public libraries can arrange expeditions at reduced cost to museum exhibits, concerts, etc.
 Discounted CD-ROMs are identical to the more expensive discs.
 Most of these cut-rate laptops include a one-year parts and labor warranty.
 Turkey is heavily promoted by tour operators as an idyllic holiday destination, the cut-price alternative to Greece or Cyprus.
 NISO and NASIG members may register at a discounted rate.
a precio razonable 
at reasonable cost(s)
 Finding ways of communicating all available knowledge to potential users at reasonable cost is a major challenge today.
a precio reducido 
at a discount
 The next stage was for publishers and booksellers to agree to maintain prices, that is not to retail books at a discount on the listed price.
a precios competitivos 
competitively priced
 This service pinpoints accurate, quality, easily accessible and competitively priced sources accessible to end users.
a precios especiales  
at reduced rates
at preferential rates
 It was agreed to enable student members to join ALA divisions at reduced rates.
 Conference delegates can be assisted with their accommodation requirements at nearby hotels at preferential rates.
a precios razonables 
at affordable prices
 Undoubtedly the foremost issue in the debate surrounding the information superhighway is that of universal service - that is, the availability of information resources to all at affordable prices.
a presión 
pressurised [pressurized, -USA]
 All aircraft carry these pressurized medicinal oxygen bottles for emergency use by passengers.
a primera hora de la mañana 
first thing in the morning
 O'Brien prevailed upon them to stay that night with the promise that she would take the matter up with Modjeski first thing in the morning.
a primera hora de + Período del Día 
first thing + Período del Día
 I spoke to him first thing this morning when I met him at nine in the foyer.
a primeras horas de la mañana  
in the early hours
in the early hours of/in the morning
 Up to 60 people were feared drowned last night after a pleasure cruiseru was rammed, run over, and sunk by a huge dredger in the early hours.
 People with depression, for example, often wake up in the early hours of the morning and find themselves unable to get back to sleep.
a primeras horas de la tarde   
late afternoon
early evening
in (the) early evening
 The pattern of changes in embolisms indicated almost no embolisms before dawn, followed by a rapid rise to a peak in mid-morning, then a progressive loss of embolisms in late afternoon.
 Early evening dosage is more effective than late evening dosage.
 Sirius, the brightest star in the sky, can be seen in the southern sky in the early evening from winter to spring.
a primera vista         
on first acquaintance
at first sight
on first inspection
on the face of it
at first blush
at first glance
on the surface
prima facie
first-blush
 This definitely one of its strengths, even if the schedules may seem a little daunting on first acquaintance.
 At first sight, there seems to be no good reason to distinguish between telecommunication networks and data networks.
 On first inspection it may appear that the words used in indexes to represent concepts can merely be determined by considering normal usage.
 On the face of it, that sounds like an even more difficult concept to comprehend, let alone implement in a working model.
 At first blush, nothing seemed particularly ominous about the formation of the ad hoc committee.
 We have already noted that at first glance the outline of main classes appears traditional.
 Finally, libraries as a physical environment seem on the surface the least likely to exist in a digital future.
 Ordinarily a distributor of a libel would be prima facie liable.
 The first-blush reaction to their astonishing long-term strategy for achieving national energy independence is that they must be joking.
a primeros de + Fecha 
in the early + Fecha
 Online information retrieval services, which permit users to search data bases held on a computer many miles distant from the user and his terminal, started to develop in the late 1960s and the early 1970s.
a principios de + Fecha 
in the early + Fecha
 Online information retrieval services, which permit users to search data bases held on a computer many miles distant from the user and his terminal, started to develop in the late 1960s and the early 1970s.
a principios de los + Década  [Expresión usualmente acompañada del artículo]
early + Década, the
 The energy crisis of the early 1970s encouraged programmes on non-conventional energy sources and energy saving.
a priori    
proactive [pro-active]
foresight
a priori
on the surface
 Compiling information of this nature requires a proactive and not a reactive approach to the task.
 This article notes that hindsight is always easier than foresight, and that some of these predictions should have been correct.
 Explicit differentiation is made between a priori relationships, ie those that are known in advance of scanning any particular document, and a posteriori relationships, ie those which are found only by scanning a particular document.
 Finally, libraries as a physical environment seem on the surface the least likely to exist in a digital future.
a prisa 
quickly
 A large number of documents can be indexed quickly and cheaply.
a propósito                 
deliberate
for the record
incidentally
intentionally
by the way
in passing
anecdotally
purposely
by design
on purpose
wilfully [willfully, -USA]
on a sidenote
studiously
by the way of (a) digression
by the by(e)
speaking of which
designedly
 Deliberate mnemonics are devices which help the user to remember and recall the notation for given subjects.
 For the record, schools and libraries in the late 1960s recovered in excess of $10,000,000 from publishers and wholesalers as a result of unfair practices highlighted by Mr. Scilken.
 Incidentally, this book was about the invasion of Denmark.
 In the cases where there was no match, we intentionally created a dirty authority file.
 It is not wise, by the way, to approach the author by telephone for this puts him on the spot and he may refuse simply in self-defense and especially if you happen to butt in when he is struggling with an obstinate chapter in a new book.
 She also indicated in passing that in future authors would not automatically pass over the copyright of research results in papers to publishers.
 Anecdotally, it is often assumed that users preferring print are among the most senior in academic rank and/or years.
 I have purposely refrained from discussing the theory of comparative librarianship which has up to now characterized much of the writing on the subject.
 The victims had been herded onto a wooden landing craft by the captain of a Honduras-registered ship who then proceeded, by accident or design, to ram the craft, killing the majority of people aboard.
 Most consumers felt confident that once a letter is written and posted, no one will read it either accidently or on purpose except for the intended addressee.
 But we are not then acting quite so much out of blindness or inarticulateness; we are selfishly or fearfully or wilfully trying to short-circuit what we know underneath to be more nearly the true state of things.
 On a sidenote, this book almost didn't happen when the author showed her editor her proposal.
 Previous economic historians have, by and large, studiously ignored the British slave trade.
 That, I may say by way of a digression, has never been my main objection to socialism.
 Zenobia, by-the-by, as I suppose you know, is merely her public name.
 Speaking of which, Chertoff recently lifted restrictions that have confined airline passengers to their seats for a half hour after taking off and before landing.
 In respect of those defects, the seller may be held liable where he has designedly concealed their existence from the purchaser.
a propósito de 
apropos of
 After a few tangential remarks apropos of nothing, Carmichael left, a considerably less anxious person.
a propósito de nada  
for no specific reason
for no particular reason
 On February 20, 2000, she was arrested at home by police for no specific reason and illegally detained for fifteen days.
 Nearly a third of internet users go online on a typical day for no particular reason, just for fun or to pass the time.
a prueba 
on trial
 In applications, in the office, in manufacturing industries, in commerce, the new technology is on trial.
a prueba de balas 
bulletproof
 Cheema said all three shots missed her as she greeted supporters through the sunroof of her vehicle, which was bulletproof and bombproof.
a prueba de bomas 
bombproof
 Cheema said all three shots missed her as she greeted supporters through the sunroof of her vehicle, which was bulletproof and bombproof.
a prueba de bombas  
ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA]
bomb-proof
 The article 'Where no drive has gone before: ruggedized CD-ROM drives' provides examples of conditions where CD-ROM drives need to be particularly rugged (severe industrial conditions, severe shock and vibration conditions, and severe military conditions).
 Who else is going to flip the burgers, clean the resistant bomb-proof windows of the glitzy mile-high skyscrapers - also take out the garbage, wash the dishes, park the cars, sweep up the papers in the parks?.
a prueba de conejos 
rabbit-proof
 He wrote an article with the title 'A rabbit-proof fence: benefits and problems of isolation in Western Australia'.
a prueba de fallos 
fail-safe
 The technical safeguards available are not fail-safe.
a prueba de incendios 
fireproof [fire-proof]
 We designed a secure - and we will build it eventually - computer room that was fireproof, tornado proof, and would take a hit from a single engine craft.
a prueba de niños 
childproof
 New packaging designs have been developed that could save lives and make 'childproof' containers more user-friendly for adults.
a prueba de robos 
theft proof
 The system is clean, largely theft proof and space saving, requiring only four double-sided discs per year.
a prueba de tornados 
tornado proof
 We designed a secure - and we will build it eventually - computer room that was fireproof, tornado proof, and would take a hit from a single engine craft.
a prueba de un tratamiento duro 
ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA]
 The article 'Where no drive has gone before: ruggedized CD-ROM drives' provides examples of conditions where CD-ROM drives need to be particularly rugged (severe industrial conditions, severe shock and vibration conditions, and severe military conditions).
a prueba de viento 
windproof
 Windproof and showerproof this body warmer combines cosiness with complete freedom of movement.
a puerta cerrada   
behind closed doors
in camera
in chambers
 Committee meetings are normally held behind closed doors but, occasionally, a committee will decide to hold a public hearing on a given topic.
 From time to time, depending on the subject matter, Council decides to discuss the topic in an 'in camera' session.
 The prosecutor and the defense counsel shall be permitted to submit proposed questions to the court prior to the session in chambers.
a punta de cuchillo 
at knifepoint
 Police are hoping security camera images will lead them to the suspect wanted for sexually assaulting a woman at knifepoint Thursday night.
a punta de navaja 
at knifepoint
 Police are hoping security camera images will lead them to the suspect wanted for sexually assaulting a woman at knifepoint Thursday night.
a punta de pistola 
at gunpoint
 With their worldwide history of forcing people at gunpoint to march to their orders, whether they want to or not, you can never be too sure with them.
a punto 
finely tuned
 And you will have a greater chance of success and survival if your gyroscope is finely tuned and true to course.
a punto de  
on the verge of
a heartbeat away from
 With healthy roots in the library field, optical disc technology is on the verge of exponential growth into broader markets.
 Each of us lives every minute of every day just a heartbeat away from death.
a punto de + Infinitivo 
about to + Infinitivo
 A list of all subscriptions about to become due may be made by using this subfunction.
a punto de irse a pique 
on the rocks
 Marriage is on the rocks in Britain, with the proportion of unmarried people exceeding that of married people as more men and women opt to live together without constraints.
a punto de morir 
on + Posesivo + deathbed
 The seminar explored whether the journal as we know it is on its deathbed.
a puñados    
by the sackful
by the handful
by the bucketful
by the bucketload
 Kolya transported the harvested cucumbers to the village store where the locals bought them by the sackful.
 On Crete the locals eat them by the handful and spit out the pits like watermelon seeds.
 I could seriously eat this by the bucketful without any regrets whatsoever.
 Those one-off singles may sell by the bucketload but everyone knows that has nothing to do with good music.
a quemarropa   
point blank
at close range
at point-blank range
 Something's telling me that an average murderer would get as close as a foot from the head, but not point blank.
 The study described in this book examined at close range the experiences of 12 elementary school students.
 Five paramilitary troopers have been arrested for shooting a teenager to death, at point blank range in Pakistan.
a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda 
the early bird catches the worm
 According to the idiom 'the early bird catches the worm' we offer a 10% reduction of the course fee for those who apply before 15 July 2007 = De acuerdo con la expresión 'a quien madruga Dios le ayuda' le ofrecemos una reducción del 10% del importe del curso a los que se inscriban antes del 15 de julio del 2007.
a quienquiera que 
whomever
 Also unfortunately common is the lonely soul who visits interminably with whomever is on the desk - and occasionally with other readers.
a rachas  
by fits and starts
in fits and starts
 Rather readers grow by fits and starts now rushing ahead, now lying fallow, and now moving steadily on.
 The idea for this kind of program was tossed around in fits and starts.
a ráfagas   
in bursts
gusty [gustier -comp., gustiest -sup.]
gusty [gustier -comp., gustiest -sup.]
 However, this rate is not sustained: in most teletext systems, data transmission occurs only in bursts.
 The strong winds have died down as the morning has progressed but it is still gusty at times out on the mountain.
 The strong winds have died down as the morning has progressed but it is still gusty at times out on the mountain.
a raíz de 
in the wake of
 Of course uniformity tends to follow in the wake of centralization.
a rajatabla 
to the letter
 The analysis revealed that the translator, not keeping close to the letter of the original, acted as an interpreter of the tex.
a ras de 
flush with
 The text must be single-spaced and must be flush with the left margin.
a ras de la calle 
ground-floor
 NACs ideally prefer to be situated in ground-floor shop-front premises in a shopping area and on a route that people follow in the normal course of their lives.
a ras del suelo 
at ground level
 We have now introduced 'kik-steps' and similar aids and raised the height of shelving somewhat - bottom shelves are now often at ground level.
a rastras 
in tow
 The women have either come for their monthly antenatal checkups or postnatal visits, healthy babies in tow.
a ratos 
intermittently
 She had been working on this draft intermittently during her three weeks on the job.
a raudales   
in abundance
in great numbers
in a gush
 Concerned, thoughtful, supportive, humorous - all those traits lacking from the present boss he has in abundance.
 Many believed that this sea star was a pest species invading the coral reef habitat predating on and killing corals in great numbers.
 During labour, the bag of water surrounding the baby in the womb often tears, and the water escapes through the vagina in a gush.
a reacción 
jet-assisted
 A change made to AEROPLANES - JET-ASSISTED TAKE-OFF would be automatically reflected in the 'see from' notes associated with AEROPLANES - ASSISTED TAKEOFF.
a rebosar (de)   
jam-packed (with)
filled to capacity
full to capacity
 This week is looking to be quite a jam packed, event-filled, extravaganza!.
 If a class is filled to capacity, please contact the secretary and ask to be put on a waiting list.
 Once the bucket is full to capacity, let the contents ferment for a period of 10-14 days at room temperature.
a regañadientes     
grudgingly
grudging
begrudgingly
unwillingly
reluctantly
 Another point which we hope these introductory remarks make clear is that AACR2, even more than the 1967 version, is the result of give and take, of compromise, of negotiation, of concessions made graciously or grudgingly.
 There is little to be said for this grudging acceptance or utter rejection of pseudonyms.
 Even if librarians can admit begrudgingly that comic books may deserve a rightful place in many libraries, innumerable fears come to mind = Aunque los bibliotecarios pueden admitir de mala gana que los comics pueden merecerse el lugar que les corresponde en muchas bibliotecas, las dudas que les asaltan son innumerables.
 Intellectuals have been unwillingly transformed into cultural commentators and cultural studies has replaced philosophy.
 One is tempted to say that the enthusiasts for postcoordinate systems, being forced to admit reluctantly that control was necessary, couldn't bear to use the old-fashioned term 'list of subject headings'.
a régimen 
on a diet
 More than 43 percent of the girls reported that they were on a diet - and a quarter of these dieters didn't think they were overweight.
a remolque 
in tow
 The company will not be liable for any damage or loss to or occasioned by the vessel in tow.
a reventar   
galore
aplenty [a-plenty]
wall-to-wall
 There have been promises galore made to delegation after delegation of the film industry, but all the promises have been just promises, hollow and empty.
 The article 'CD-ROM licenses: pitfalls aplenty!' advises how to deal with the licenses which subscribers are required to sign on purchase of CD-ROM products for use in libraries = El artículo "Las licencias de CD-ROM: ¡dificultades a montón!" aconseja cómo negociar las licencias que los suscriptores tienen que firmar al comprar productos CD-ROM para uso en la biblioteca.
 It was wall-to-wall crowds, ambulances could not get through and forget being able to buy so much as a coke without an hour wait.
a reventar (de)   
jam-packed (with)
filled to capacity
full to capacity
 This week is looking to be quite a jam packed, event-filled, extravaganza!.
 If a class is filled to capacity, please contact the secretary and ask to be put on a waiting list.
 Once the bucket is full to capacity, let the contents ferment for a period of 10-14 days at room temperature.
a saber   
namely
viz
to wit
 Then, in the 1930s extraterrestrial radio signals were detected, and during the last four decades a whole new intellectual area of science has developed, namely radio astronomy.
 There are two main categories of relationship, viz semantic and syntactic relationships.
 At dinner, he was to learn several other things as well, to wit: that he was one of three people being brought in for an initial and then a second interview; that they had been very impressed by his credentials; and that no one from the Halvorsen staff had applied for the position.
a sabiendas   
knowing
knowingly
wilfully [willfully, -USA]
 'Much as I hate to admit it,' she added, her face creasing in a knowing smile, 'some of my best friends are librarians, and I can't get over how they tear their colleagues to shreds when they're together' = "Siento mucho admitirlo", ella añadió mientras su cara se arrugaba dibujándose en ella una sonrisa de complicidad, "algunos de mis mejores amigos son bibliotecarios y no puedo entender cómo critican a otros colegas suyos cuando se jutan".
 The ways in which library professionals - knowingly and unknowingly - undermine intellectual freedom are discussed = Se analizan las formas en las que los profesionales de las bibliotecas, consciente o inconscientemente, socavan la libertad intelectual.
 But we are not then acting quite so much out of blindness or inarticulateness; we are selfishly or fearfully or wilfully trying to short-circuit what we know underneath to be more nearly the true state of things.
a sabiendas de que 
on the understanding that
 Employers & trade unions can make whatever use they like of the money thus provided, on the understanding that it is for education.
a sacos       
by the shipload
by the ton
in shiploads
in vast quantities
in large quantities
by the bucketful
by the bucketload
 Glass beads from Italy and Czechoslovakia were imported by the shipload and used like money for trading.
 200g of chocolate is enough to kill a dog and yet we eat the stuff by the ton every year.
 From Europe they came in shiploads looking for gold.
 Standard components can be manufactured in vast quantities, keeping costs down.
 Vitamins and minerals taken in large quantities, without the advice of a specialist, may affect the human body.
 I could seriously eat this by the bucketful without any regrets whatsoever.
 Those one-off singles may sell by the bucketload but everyone knows that has nothing to do with good music.
a sacudidas 
jerkily
 He was still there, jerkily kicking his feet and clenched fists.
a saltitos 
jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.]
 By whipping these tails back and forth the organism can swim about in a brisk, if rather jerky, fashion.
a salvo   
in a safe place
in safekeeping
out of harm's way
 Print this document and keep it in a safe place for future reference.
 She would hold it in safekeeping until they were both free of danger, healthy, and enjoying the life he had promised.
 Somehow, some way, officials were getting early evacuees out of harm's way as Hurricane Gustav bore down on the central Louisiana coast.
a sangre fría  
cold-blooded
in cold blood
 He was a cold-blooded killer, cardsharp, gambler and a consumptive who also ran several confidence scams.
 Last night the distraught parents of 11-year-old Rhys Jones, gunned down in cold blood by a hoodie, gave their full support to our campaign.
a ser posible 
if (it's/that's) possible
 The length and breadth of the sheet are taken if possible from an uncut copy of the book = Si es posible, se indicarán la longitud y la anchura del pliego de un ejemplar sin cortar.
a simple vista   
by the naked eye
superficially
on first thought
 A macroform is a generic term for any medium, transparent or opaque, bearing images large enough to be easily read by the naked eye.
 An index based on term cards appears superficially little different from an ordinary card index.
 On first thought, it might appear that an author would be the best person to write the abstract, since presumably he or she knows more about the paper than anybody else.
a solas  
all by + Reflexivo
by + Reflexivo
 One can only cultivate one's virtues all by oneself, and no one else can take one's place.
 Certainly, it is possible to do it by oneself.
a su debido tiempo   
in due course
timely
in due time
 We shall examine the further, and more detailed, divisions presented in the main tables in due course.
 The State, as producer, is deficient in producing sufficient copies to meet demand, ensuring timely distribution, and providing efficient bibliographic control.
 Whatever carrier you use, for long-term preservation (over decades) you have to refresh and migrate data carriers in due time.
a sueldo 
paid
 The Institute has a very small paid staff and a very large supporting cast of people up and down the country who serve it for the experience they gain from it.
a su precio normal 
at full price
 Buy one at full price and get one at half price.
a su propio ritmo 
at an individual pace
 The advantages, other than the savings in costs, are that they allow the student to progress at an individual pace = Las ventajas, además del ahorro en los costes, son que permiten al estudiante avanzar a su propio ritmo.
a su tiempo   
in a timely fashion
in due course
in a timely manner
 It is a recognized fact that the Library of Congress cannot possibly catalog all the books needed by all libraries in a timely fashion.
 We shall examine the further, and more detailed, divisions presented in the main tables in due course.
 Not only is it crucial to follow validation requirements to the letter, it is extremely important to carry them out in a timely manner.
a su vez   
Verbo + further
in turn
in its/their turn
 Main classes are divided into subclasses which are further subdivided into form, place, time and subject aspects.
 However, any refinement involves greater human intervention, and this in turn can easily overturn the arguments in favour of subject indexes based upon titles.
 And because the teller is sharing something of himself, the children in their turn respond by wanting to share something of themselves in the same way.
a tal efecto 
to this effect
 If no copies are available in any library in the network, a message to this effect is displayed.
a tales efectos 
hereto
 During the period relevant hereto defendant Hamas organized, planned and executed acts of violence and terrorism against Jewish civilians .
a tarifa especial  
at a discounted rate
at a discounted rate
 NISO and NASIG members may register at a discounted rate.
 NISO and NASIG members may register at a discounted rate.
a tarifa reducida 
at reduced cost
 Public libraries can arrange expeditions at reduced cost to museum exhibits, concerts, etc.
a tarifas especiales  
at reduced rates
at preferential rates
 It was agreed to enable student members to join ALA divisions at reduced rates.
 Conference delegates can be assisted with their accommodation requirements at nearby hotels at preferential rates.
a temperatura ambiente 
at room temperature
 When removed from the sink the items were left to drain off for half an hour at room temperature, then packaged in polythene in separate bundles and placed in a domestic refrigerator for 7 weeks.
a tener en cuenta en el futuro 
for future reference
 Call it what you want but for future reference it may be best to name it according to its function.
a tenor de  [También escrito in the light of]   [También escrito in light of] 
in light of
in the face of
in the light of
in view of
 This is essentially the traditional enterprise of cataloguing theory, but it is explored in light of current standards and developments.
 In the face of present priorities and staff commitments, the Library feels that it cannot undertake a comprehensive study of the subject heading system that would pave the way for a major restructuring of the system.
 In the light of the information explosion, no researcher can now realistically expect to keep pace with developments in his own field, let alone those in allied fields = En vista del crecimiento vertiginoso de la información, siendo realista ahora el investigador no puede mantenerse al día en los avances de su propio campo y mucho menos de los de campos afines.
 In view of the frequency with which users could benefit from references to a broader subject this omission must be regarded as a deficiency of A/Z subject catalogue.
a ti   [Forma arcaica]
you
thee
 I am glad of the opportunity to discuss this subject for several reasons: firstly, I have been interested in it for some time and would like to share some of my thoughts with you.
 The fifth kind of relationship is that in which an entity is defined by one of its attributes; for example, in Lewis Carroll's poem, 'I'll tell thee everything I can: I saw an aged, aged man, a-sitting on a gate'.
a tiempo      [En biblioteconomía, principio por el cual la prioridad de la biblioteca es prestar un servicio rápido al usuario más que "acumular" material] 
in timely fashion
on time
promptly
timely
just in time
in time
 There was no dependable way to ensure that the recipient actually received the message in timely fashion.
 If a document is returned on time, the charge-out record is removed from the circulation file and from the borrower's record.
 Significantly, however, Panizzi's rules did not prove as viable as did his ideology, and they were promptly and materially changed and recast by his most ardent admirers and followers.
 The State, as producer, is deficient in producing sufficient copies to meet demand, ensuring timely distribution, and providing efficient bibliographic control.
 The project shifts the paradigm for information services in support of research from a 'just in case' collection centred approach to 'just in time' service oriented operation.
 'A Hospital Trip' is about Joe's stay in the hospital after he cuts his ankle on a sharp corner of a rusty old car hood and does not tell his mother about it in time to prevent infection.
a tiempo completo 
full-time
 Abstracts may be prepared by a team of full-time abstractors.
a tiempo parcial 
part-time
 One of the major recurrent problems with volunteer and part-time abstractors is maintaining deadlines; delays in some of the documents covered by the service are almost inevitable.
a tientas 
in the dark
 Perhaps instead of arguing, and rushing around in the dark, the time has come to follow our Danish and American friends and begin to find out what we are doing.
a tientas y a ciegas  
blindly
in the dark
 If experience is carefully analyzed and not blindly followed, it can be extremely useful.
 Perhaps instead of arguing, and rushing around in the dark, the time has come to follow our Danish and American friends and begin to find out what we are doing.
a ti mismo   [Poco utilizado hoy día]
yourself
thyself
 You discover yourself in literature and therefore learn to understand more about yourself.
 The article 'Librarian, teach thyself' suggests that it is time to professionalize school librarianship by focusing on librarianship and not teaching.
a tiro  
within gunshot
within range
 In this way the fowler could work his way through the shallows to within gunshot of the fowl, so as to let fly with his rifle as they took off from the water.
 77% of the world's population lives within range of a mobile network.
a tirones 
jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.]
 By whipping these tails back and forth the organism can swim about in a brisk, if rather jerky, fashion.
a título de  
by way of
for the sake of
 An annotation is a note added to the title and/or other bibliographic information concerning a document, by way of comment or explanation.
 The advocates of ISBD originally argued that it was for the sake of the computer.
a título gratuito 
gratuitous
 However, most librarians do not have the training for counseling and should avoid gratuitous tampering with the lives of library patrons.
a título personal  
in a personal capacity
in a private capacity
 After a series of meetings in Amsterdam, 10 European publishers and librarians have put their names in a personal capacity to a joint statement on the Impact of Electronic Technology.
 The views expressed in this article are those of the author writing in a private capacity and are not the official view of the company he works for.
a título propio 
in + Posesivo + own right
 Each of these is sufficiently significant that they repay study in their own right.
a toca teja 
cash
 The European Regional Development Fund provides cash for regional economic development and recovery in the worst off regions in the Community.
a toda costa      
absolutely
at all costs
come what may
at any cost
at any price
by whatever means (possible)
 Although not absolutely necessary, unique call numbers are very helpful during this stage of the conversion.
 This article presents a decalogue of a librarian's faults: a library for the benefit of librarians; a library for the benefit of the management; a drive to obtain new technology at all costs; egotism of departments; egotism of libraries; dictatorship instead of management; working 'in silence'; putting on blinkers; laissez-faire; and wasteful use of time, people and resources.
 He has promised to bring Sam back, and will do so come what may, even if it involves a trudge across the country in snowshoes.
 Illegal work practices aimed at achieving economic success at any cost were widespread.
 The new law would scrap the existing anti-scalping law and allow tickets to be resold at any price.
 Naturally, Claire is just dying to be part of the Committee, but they're equally determined to keep her out of it by whatever means.
a toda máquina           
in the fast lane
fast lane
full steam ahead
at full tilt
full-tilt
full-throttle
at full throttle
at top speed
at full blast
at full speed
full speed ahead
 The article 'A charmed brew: document delivery and collection in the fast lane' examines the implications of the proliferation of document delivery services and types of access available for librarians.
 The article is entitled 'The news librarians: fast lane information professionals' = El artículo se titula "Los documentalistas de los medios de comunicación: profesionales de la información a toda pastilla".
 The article 'Full steam ahead' describes the implementation of optical disc based imaging system at the photographic library of the National Railway Museum in York.
 Their regular tasks keep them working at full tilt at all times.
 Do not march off full-tilt in front of the readers.
 As we enter full-throttle into the Information Age, the mere mention of 'the information highway' conjures up a predictable set of high-tech images.
 For the past three it has been operating at full throttle.
 Loosing control at top speed on a highway full of cars, these guys where lucky they recovered without hitting any cars.
 With every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaky infrastructure is often stretched beyond the breaking point.
 A train cruising at full speed hit an excavator that had backed up onto the track.
 We are full speed ahead, we are hoping to continue the good work that we have started.
a toda marcha     
at full throttle
at top speed
at full blast
at full speed
at full stretch
 For the past three it has been operating at full throttle.
 Loosing control at top speed on a highway full of cars, these guys where lucky they recovered without hitting any cars.
 With every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaky infrastructure is often stretched beyond the breaking point.
 A train cruising at full speed hit an excavator that had backed up onto the track.
 Gloucestershire has been badly affected by heavy rain, with the fire and rescue service working at full stretch.
a toda mecha  [Aquí knot tiene el significado de nudo marino, medida de velocidad]       
at a rate of knots
full steam ahead
at full blast
at full throttle
at top speed
at full speed
at full stretch
full speed ahead
 The results appear there and then not only on the VDU screen but also on a roll of paper which spills out of the attached printer at a rate of knots.
 The article 'Full steam ahead' describes the implementation of optical disc based imaging system at the photographic library of the National Railway Museum in York.
 With every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaky infrastructure is often stretched beyond the breaking point.
 For the past three it has been operating at full throttle.
 Loosing control at top speed on a highway full of cars, these guys where lucky they recovered without hitting any cars.
 A train cruising at full speed hit an excavator that had backed up onto the track.
 Gloucestershire has been badly affected by heavy rain, with the fire and rescue service working at full stretch.
 We are full speed ahead, we are hoping to continue the good work that we have started.
a toda pasta  [Aquí knot tiene el significado de nudo marino, medida de velocidad]
at a rate of knots
 The results appear there and then not only on the VDU screen but also on a roll of paper which spills out of the attached printer at a rate of knots.
a toda pastilla           [Aquí knot tiene el significado de nudo marino, medida de velocidad]    
in the fast lane
on the fast track
fast lane
overdrive
full steam ahead
full-tilt
at full tilt
full-throttle
at full throttle
at a rate of knots
at top speed
at full blast
at full speed
full speed ahead
 The article 'A charmed brew: document delivery and collection in the fast lane' examines the implications of the proliferation of document delivery services and types of access available for librarians.
 The article 'On the fast track or the road to nowhere' points to the growing practice of subsuming public libraries into larger departments headed by non-librarians = El artículo "A la vanguardia o en un camino sin rumbo" pone de manifiesto la costumbre cada vez más frecuente de incluir las bibliotecas públicas dentro de órganismos más grandes dirigidos por personal no bibliotecario.
 The article is entitled 'The news librarians: fast lane information professionals' = El artículo se titula "Los documentalistas de los medios de comunicación: profesionales de la información a toda pastilla".
 The article is entitled 'Internet overdrive. No place for Sunday drivers'.
 The article 'Full steam ahead' describes the implementation of optical disc based imaging system at the photographic library of the National Railway Museum in York.
 Do not march off full-tilt in front of the readers.
 Their regular tasks keep them working at full tilt at all times.
 As we enter full-throttle into the Information Age, the mere mention of 'the information highway' conjures up a predictable set of high-tech images.
 For the past three it has been operating at full throttle.
 The results appear there and then not only on the VDU screen but also on a roll of paper which spills out of the attached printer at a rate of knots.
 Loosing control at top speed on a highway full of cars, these guys where lucky they recovered without hitting any cars.
 With every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaky infrastructure is often stretched beyond the breaking point.
 A train cruising at full speed hit an excavator that had backed up onto the track.
 We are full speed ahead, we are hoping to continue the good work that we have started.
a toda prueba 
unswerving
 His mistaken assumption that cult heroes are supermen, and his unswerving devotion to an empirical testing of the play impose significant limitations on his account.
a todas horas  
at all hours
(a)round the clock
 Since many people go into and out of the hospital at all hours, theft is a concern.
 Digitization is a value-added way of making library collections and materials available around the world, around the clock.
a todas luces 
patently
 In the public library grand tradition this was patently the self image of the educated middle class.
a todas partes 
far and wide
 He is known far and wide.
a toda velocidad        
full-tilt
at full tilt
full-throttle
at full throttle
at top speed
at full blast
at full speed
at full gallop
 Do not march off full-tilt in front of the readers.
 Their regular tasks keep them working at full tilt at all times.
 As we enter full-throttle into the Information Age, the mere mention of 'the information highway' conjures up a predictable set of high-tech images.
 For the past three it has been operating at full throttle.
 Loosing control at top speed on a highway full of cars, these guys where lucky they recovered without hitting any cars.
 With every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaky infrastructure is often stretched beyond the breaking point.
 A train cruising at full speed hit an excavator that had backed up onto the track.
 He was soon at the door in his van, as merry as a lark, when I mounted and we started off at a full gallop.
a todo alrededor 
all round
 Paper made in side-by-side two-sheet moulds can easily be identified by the fact that in a whole sheet (i.e. one that has deckle edges all round) the chain lines are parallel to the longer edges.
a todo color  
full-colour
in full colour
 Engelmann's technique used only three colour stones (red, yellow, and blue) to make a full-colour print.
 But in the late 1830s Engelmann in France and Hullmandel in England developed processes of 'chromolithography' whereby pictures in full colour were printed from suites of stones.
a todo confort 
the lap of comfort
 You can transform yourself completely through such luxury holidays where you can roll in the lap of comfort and enjoy each moment like never before.
a todo galope 
at full gallop
 He was soon at the door in his van, as merry as a lark, when I mounted and we started off at a full gallop.
a todo gas          
full steam ahead
full-tilt
at full tilt
full-throttle
at full throttle
at top speed
at full blast
at full speed
at full stretch
full speed ahead
 The article 'Full steam ahead' describes the implementation of optical disc based imaging system at the photographic library of the National Railway Museum in York.
 Do not march off full-tilt in front of the readers.
 Their regular tasks keep them working at full tilt at all times.
 As we enter full-throttle into the Information Age, the mere mention of 'the information highway' conjures up a predictable set of high-tech images.
 For the past three it has been operating at full throttle.
 Loosing control at top speed on a highway full of cars, these guys where lucky they recovered without hitting any cars.
 With every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaky infrastructure is often stretched beyond the breaking point.
 A train cruising at full speed hit an excavator that had backed up onto the track.
 Gloucestershire has been badly affected by heavy rain, with the fire and rescue service working at full stretch.
 We are full speed ahead, we are hoping to continue the good work that we have started.
a todo lo largo de 
the length of
 As he traversed the length of the corridor to the media center, Anthony Datto reflected on the events that had brought him to this unhappy pass.
a todo meter       
full steam ahead
at full stretch
at full speed
at full blast
at top speed
at full throttle
full speed ahead
 The article 'Full steam ahead' describes the implementation of optical disc based imaging system at the photographic library of the National Railway Museum in York.
 Gloucestershire has been badly affected by heavy rain, with the fire and rescue service working at full stretch.
 A train cruising at full speed hit an excavator that had backed up onto the track.
 With every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaky infrastructure is often stretched beyond the breaking point.
 Loosing control at top speed on a highway full of cars, these guys where lucky they recovered without hitting any cars.
 For the past three it has been operating at full throttle.
 We are full speed ahead, we are hoping to continue the good work that we have started.
a todo ritmo     
in full swing
in full force
in full gear
in full operation
up to full speed
 And when the New Year celebrations were in full swing at the moment Britain entered the Community, how many people remember raising their glasses to Europe?.
 The first Japanese beetles of the year were observed in central Indiana on June 22 and have since come out in full force.
 Christmas is merely three weeks away, even if the commercialized aspect of the holidays have been in full gear for over two weeks now.
 Fortunately, for the most part, the pier is back in full operation after the storm.
 The girls played hard and Liza gave it her best shot, even though she wasn't up to full speed after spraining her ankle.
a todos lados 
far and wide
 He is known far and wide.
a todos los efectos     
to all intents and purposes
to all intents
for all practical purposes
for all intents and purposes
for all purposes
 To all intents and purposes he is unaware of its existence.
 Suppose, for example, that the indexer decides that the terms 'Great Britain' and 'United Kingdom' are to all intents synonyms.
 The superintendent stated that this was an area she herself was anxious to investigate, because for all practical purposes salary increases were automatic and equal 'across-the-board'.
 In the 20th century, the debate about weeding followed, for all intents and purposes, the contours of the controversy surrounding the Quincy Plan.
 Copies of the contents of any certificate on file in the department shall be considered for all purposes the same as the original.
a todos los niveles 
at all levels
 But in reality integration should take place at all levels.
a todos nosotros 
us all
 The storage of information and its retrieval is of interest to us all and is not the sole domain of librarians or information specialists.
a todos por igual 
one size fits all
 And digital library developers might look at both situations before trying to offer simply a 'one size fits all' digital solution to some strange amalgam of Internet library users.
a todo vapor          
full steam ahead
full-tilt
at full tilt
full-throttle
at full throttle
at top speed
at full blast
at full speed
at full stretch
full speed ahead
 The article 'Full steam ahead' describes the implementation of optical disc based imaging system at the photographic library of the National Railway Museum in York.
 Do not march off full-tilt in front of the readers.
 Their regular tasks keep them working at full tilt at all times.
 As we enter full-throttle into the Information Age, the mere mention of 'the information highway' conjures up a predictable set of high-tech images.
 For the past three it has been operating at full throttle.
 Loosing control at top speed on a highway full of cars, these guys where lucky they recovered without hitting any cars.
 With every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaky infrastructure is often stretched beyond the breaking point.
 A train cruising at full speed hit an excavator that had backed up onto the track.
 Gloucestershire has been badly affected by heavy rain, with the fire and rescue service working at full stretch.
 We are full speed ahead, we are hoping to continue the good work that we have started.
a todo volumen 
at full blast
 With every air-conditioner running at full blast, the city's creaky infrastructure is often stretched beyond the breaking point.
a tontas y a ciegas  
headlong
runaway
 Neither was there doubt that SLIS should adapt their programmes accordingly but, equally, too headlong a rush into the unknown posed dangers.
 The article is entitled 'How to control a runaway state documents collection'.
a tontas y locas  
like there's no tomorrow
without rhyme or reason
 The way to live like there's no tomorrow is to basically love life and be as crazy as possible and take risks and chances.
 Many disliked the movement, which was abstract and appeared to be without rhyme or reason.
a tope             
packed to capacity
in the fast lane
fast lane
choc(k)-a-bloc(k)
chock-full
in full swing
in full gear
packed to the rafters
in full operation
full to the gunwales
loaded to the gunwales
up to full speed
at full capacity
 His small foreign-made car strained with the added burden of an interior packed to capacity with personal belongings and a heavily laden U-Haul trailor attached to the rear.
 The article 'A charmed brew: document delivery and collection in the fast lane' examines the implications of the proliferation of document delivery services and types of access available for librarians.
 The article is entitled 'The news librarians: fast lane information professionals' = El artículo se titula "Los documentalistas de los medios de comunicación: profesionales de la información a toda pastilla".
 The library was chock-a-block with celebrities and children as they swarmed to see the signing of the new Harry Potter book by its author.
 Herbal cancer remedy is chock-full of drugs.
 And when the New Year celebrations were in full swing at the moment Britain entered the Community, how many people remember raising their glasses to Europe?.
 Christmas is merely three weeks away, even if the commercialized aspect of the holidays have been in full gear for over two weeks now.
 The local church was packed to the rafters for the funeral of a much-loved parish priest who died last month aged 69.
 Fortunately, for the most part, the pier is back in full operation after the storm.
 At this time of year, the boats at the floating market are full to the gunwales with sweet potatoes, cabbages, carrots and spring onions.
 As she approached the wharf it could be seen that she was loaded to the gunwales with cases and boxes.
 The girls played hard and Liza gave it her best shot, even though she wasn't up to full speed after spraining her ankle.
 Iran's first nuclear power plant will be connected to the national grid at full capacity in the coming weeks.
a trancas y barrancas   
with great difficulty
by fits and starts
in fits and starts
 Alumina is helpful for any stool that is passed with great difficulty.
 Rather readers grow by fits and starts now rushing ahead, now lying fallow, and now moving steadily on.
 The idea for this kind of program was tossed around in fits and starts.
a través de    [También escrito thru en inglés americano]   
by way of
in the form of
through
via
out of
through the agency of
 I do not remember the exact figures, but it was found that about 16 percent of the approaches to the catalog were by way of subject headings.
 Thesauri often boast an additional explicit statement of the structure of the relationships between terms in the form of categorised lists or displays.
 The contributions are input to the data base, then referred and any suggestion made by the referee are communicated through the data base to the editor.
 Access to the contents of data bases is via some computer-searching technique, often using an online terminal.
 But these and other interested people collected this type of books out of a mixture of curiosity and sentiment.
 This article argues that critical thinking, a long sought after goal in the US educational system, may be taught efficiently through the agency of library use instructions within the college environment.
a través de Internet   
Internet-based
Web-based
Web-supported
 The objective of the project is to develop an Internet-based aid for search, selection and presentation of information on European law and politics.
 The question of how Web-based education affects teaching and learning remains largely unanswered, and the terrain of online learning remains largely unmapped.
 In this study, a computer log is used to identify the individual differences among students in terms of contents usage and the amount of contents that are presented in Web-supported course sites.
a través de la historia  
over time
throughout history
 A search can be extended over time by cycling, that is, starting with a source document, identifying those documents which it cites, and then identifying those documents which the original cited document cites, and so on.
 Throughout history, women have always done the cooking around the house.
a través de la TI 
IT-enabled
 The article is entitled 'The role of software patents in sustaining IT-enabled competitive advantage: a call for research'.
a través de la web  
Web-based
Web-supported
 The question of how Web-based education affects teaching and learning remains largely unanswered, and the terrain of online learning remains largely unmapped.
 In this study, a computer log is used to identify the individual differences among students in terms of contents usage and the amount of contents that are presented in Web-supported course sites.
a través de los años  
over the years
down the years
 Thus, over the years it has been used to index reports, trade Literature, periodical articles and other similar documents.
 Down the years, the information industry has mapped out for itself the categories of information with which it is prepared to deal.
a través de los ojos de 
through the eyes of
 Take a peek at the world through the eyes of its youngest inhabitants via PapaInk, an online archive of children's artworks.
a través de los siglos 
over the centuries
 India has a documented heritage of stable family life and structure that has been able to withstand the vicissitudes over the centuries.
a través de los tiempos  
through the ages
down the ages
 Coins and medals are a common form of bas-relief that have existed through the ages.
 Prince Harry is merely following in the footsteps of royal princes down the ages.
a través del teléfono 
call-in
 Two industrial parks were studied to test the need for 'walk-in' versus 'call-in' service facilities.
a través del tiempo   
over time
through the ages
down the ages
 A search can be extended over time by cycling, that is, starting with a source document, identifying those documents which it cites, and then identifying those documents which the original cited document cites, and so on.
 Coins and medals are a common form of bas-relief that have existed through the ages.
 Prince Harry is merely following in the footsteps of royal princes down the ages.
a través de operador 
operator-assisted
 The development and use of 3-party telecommunications (also known as operator-assisted computing) as a technique of delivering on-line services to remote users is described.
a tres bandas 
three pronged
 Over the next 5 years, a three pronged strategy will be followed.
a tres niveles 
three-tiered
 Neither does it have a donjon, but the three-tiered turret positioned on the south-west side of the castle grounds was its symbol.
a troche y moche 
like there's no tomorrow
 The way to live like there's no tomorrow is to basically love life and be as crazy as possible and take risks and chances.
a trompicones  
by fits and starts
in fits and starts
 Rather readers grow by fits and starts now rushing ahead, now lying fallow, and now moving steadily on.
 The idea for this kind of program was tossed around in fits and starts.
a tropezones    
falteringly
hesitantly
haltingly
jerkily
 They were like two ships sailing in basically the same direction - but one doing it hesitantly and falteringly and the other doing it well.
 'Would it be bold of me to ask,' she said hesitantly, 'why is the Medical Center library virtually an autonomous unit?'.
 The ideals of liberty, self-determination, equality and the rule of law have haltingly advanced.
 He was still there, jerkily kicking his feet and clenched fists.
a trozos 
piecewise
 The constructed piecewise model generates the same portion of curve as the original one.
¡A tu salud! 
Here's to you!
 The simplest toasts are probably 'Cheers!' or 'Here's to you!'.
a última hora      
at the last minute
at the eleventh hour
last minute [last-minute]
at the very last minute
at the very last moment
at the very last
 Display stands of very light construction that can be prepared beforehand and taken to the site of a lesson at the last minute are fairly easily available these days.
 The final versions were agreed at the eleventh hour, late on Tuesday 9 December, just before the opening of the Summit.
 In the case of BUSHMEN and HOTTENTOTS, the peoples' real names don't even appear as after-the-fact, last minute cross-references to the defamatory form.
 They always chicken out at the very last minute.
 By the time the 50 minutes of the show were up, everybody was moved to tears, but then, at the very last moment, it left them smiling.
 She had lived alone, except for her dog who, at the very last, sat patiently beside the bed and licked her hands until they grew cold.
a última hora de anoche 
late last night
 Police confirmed late last night that bomb scares had forced the closure of 13 police stations across the island.
a última hora de la noche 
late at night
 Seoul is one of the safest capital cities in the world, with a very low crime rate: even late at night pedestrians can wander safely around downtown = Seúl es una de las capitales más seguras del mundo, con una tasa de criminalidad muy baja: incluso a altas horas de la noche, los peatones pueden pasear sin peligro alguno por el centro de la ciudad.
a últimas horas de la tarde 
late evening
 They are open normal office hours, though some have experimented with late evening opening and some now open on Saturday mornings.
a último momento 
last minute [last-minute]
 In the case of BUSHMEN and HOTTENTOTS, the peoples' real names don't even appear as after-the-fact, last minute cross-references to the defamatory form.
a un alto nivel 
high level [high-level]
 Online services have made it possible to offer high level services, with a small staff, to a demanding clientele for an acceptable cost.
a una velocidad de 
at a rate of
 By the use of photecells and microfilm they will survey items at a rate of a thousand a second, and will print out duplicates of those selected.
a una velocidad desorbitante  [Aquí knot tiene el significado de nudo marino, medida de velocidad]
at a rate of knots
 The results appear there and then not only on the VDU screen but also on a roll of paper which spills out of the attached printer at a rate of knots.
a una velocidad vertiginosa  
at an exponential rate
at exponential rates
 Information technology continues to develop at an exponential rate.
 Computer and telecommunication technologies, which are advancing at exponential rates, are greatly enhancing the ability to communicate.
a un coste mínimo 
at (a) minimum cost
 These are techniques that a public library can use to control on-line services and deliver them at a minimum cost.
a un coste que 
at costs which
 A number of US states are implementing special voice and data networks to link state agencies and/or educational institutions at costs which are hoped to be less than the regular telephone service.
a un coste total 
at a total cost
 Millions of abstracts are produced annually at a total cost that runs into millions of dollars.
a un día de distancia de 
one day away from
 These workshops give library paraprofessionals the opportunity for professional development without extensive travel or lodging costs, and only one day away from the worksite.
a un extremo de la escala 
at one end of the scale
 At one end of the scale were a large number of small shops that had scarcely changed since the eighteenth century.
a un gran coste 
at (a) great expense
 He had lions, elephants, and other wild animals brought from Asia and Africa at a great expense.
a un nivel básico 
at a lay level
 This is called consumer health information and it encompasses information about health care and illness at a lay level.
a un nivel por debajo del nacional 
sub-national [subnational]
 Mos cooperative schemes have been national or sub-national rather than international.
a uno y otro lado de 
on either side of
 An alternative form of hose, probably invented in Holland in the earlier seventeenth century, took the form of an iron yoke on either side of the spindle in place of the wooden box = Una forma alternativa de matriz, inventada probablemente en Holanda a comienzos del siglo XVII, consistía en un yugo de hierro a ambos lados del husillo en lugar del cajón de madera.
a un paso  
within a stone's throw (away/from)
a stone's throw away
 His childhood home is a squat little bungalow perched on a hill within a stone's throw from Jack London's cabin.
 Though only a stone's throw away across the grand Atlantic, Europeans and Americans are as different as night and day.
a un paso asombroso 
at an astounding pace
 Classroom use of the World Wide Web is growing at an astounding pace and affecting the way teachers and students function.
a un paso de 
a heartbeat away from
 Each of us lives every minute of every day just a heartbeat away from death.
a un paso rápido 
at a rapid pace
 Capitalism in the US & GB is steaming ahead at a rapid pace relatively unthreatened by other economies of the world.
a un paso relajado 
at a strolling pace
 The walk should take about 50 minutes at a strolling pace.
a un precio asequible  
at an affordable price
at an affordable cost
 The private sector is under no obligation to make government information available to the public at an affordable price.
 We always provide quality service at an affordable cost.
a un precio especial 
at a discount
 The next stage was for publishers and booksellers to agree to maintain prices, that is not to retail books at a discount on the listed price.
a un precio módico  
at an affordable price
at an affordable cost
 The private sector is under no obligation to make government information available to the public at an affordable price.
 We always provide quality service at an affordable cost.
a un precio muy razonable 
at very reasonable cost
 It is a widely used method which produces good quality copies at very reasonable cost.
a un precio razonable  
at a reasonable cost
reasonably priced
 The author attempts to ascertain whether cooperatives provide programmes and services that make them good value at a reasonable cost.
 If you are looking for the best reasonably priced sushi your best bet is almost certainly Sushi-Hiro in Chinatown.
a un promedio de 
at a rate of
 By the use of photecells and microfilm they will survey items at a rate of a thousand a second, and will print out duplicates of those selected.
a un ritmo + Adjetivo  
at a + Adjetivo + rate
at a + Adjetivo + clip
 Whether, in the future, the co-operatives will be able to fund appropriate developments at a sufficiently rapid rate remains an unanswered question.
 In fact, compact vehicles are flying off dealer lots at a clip not seen since the gas price hike during the summer of 2008.
a un ritmo alarmante 
at an alarming pace
 Businesses are shedding jobs at an alarming pace, with tens of thousands of new layoffs announced Monday by some of the biggest companies.
a un ritmo asombroso 
at an astounding pace
 Classroom use of the World Wide Web is growing at an astounding pace and affecting the way teachers and students function.
a un ritmo rápido 
at a rapid pace
 Capitalism in the US & GB is steaming ahead at a rapid pace relatively unthreatened by other economies of the world.
a un ritmo vertigionoso 
at a blistering pace
 Chinese economy still expanding at a blistering pace.
a un solo espacio 
single-spaced
 They should be single-spaced, A4 page size, 12 point font size, in Word or RTF format.
a un tiro de piedra   
just a shot away
within a stone's throw (away/from)
a stone's throw away
 The song's lyrics paint a picture of social apocalypse - storm, fire, flood, war, rape, murder, all 'just a shot away'.
 His childhood home is a squat little bungalow perched on a hill within a stone's throw from Jack London's cabin.
 Though only a stone's throw away across the grand Atlantic, Europeans and Americans are as different as night and day.
a un velocidad + Adjetivo 
at a + Adjetivo + rate
 Whether, in the future, the co-operatives will be able to fund appropriate developments at a sufficiently rapid rate remains an unanswered question.
a usted 
you
 I am glad of the opportunity to discuss this subject for several reasons: firstly, I have been interested in it for some time and would like to share some of my thoughts with you.
a ustedes 
you
 I am glad of the opportunity to discuss this subject for several reasons: firstly, I have been interested in it for some time and would like to share some of my thoughts with you.
a usted mismo  [Poco utilizado hoy día]
thyself
 The article 'Librarian, teach thyself' suggests that it is time to professionalize school librarianship by focusing on librarianship and not teaching.
a vapor 
steam-powered
 Similarly, scarcely any binderies were steam-powered before the 1850s, the earlier (and simpler) binding machines being hand-operated = Igualmente, apenas ningún taller de encuadernación funcionaba con vapor antes de la década de 1850, las encuadernadoras anteriores (más sencillas) eran manuales.
a varios niveles   
multilevel [multi-level]
at varying levels
many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA]
 The multi-level judgements, by which users can evaluate documents on a more general relevance scale, are also useful for estimating the discriminating power.
 The establishment of IT in both the housekeeping and information operations makes it necessary to cater for these kinds of facilities at varying levels.
 Overall, he provides a low-keyed, lucid account that, with its many-leveled approach, does more than justice to the complex themes it studies.
a veces     
at times
sometimes
at various times
from time to time
on occasion(s)
 The term category has been at times used somewhat loosely in the literature of indexing and, for this reason, it can cause confusion.
 Plainly such representative sections may not be present in many documents, but sometimes an extract from the results, conclusions or recommendations of a document may serve to identify the key issues covered by the entire document.
 At various times the library holds computer classes for children and adults.
 From time to time it may be necessary to consult external references sources in order for the indexer to achieve a sufficient understanding of the document content for effective indexing.
 The notation uses upper case letters and arabic numerals 1 to 9; and on occasion the hyphen.
a veces las cosas salen mal 
shit happens
 'Shit Happens' in the story of two flatmates: Halifax, a ex-journalist with a dark past and long lost ex-wife, and Shakra, a college-drop out bent on Halifax's destruction = "A veces las cosas salen mal" es la historia de dos compañeros de piso: Halifax, un ex-periodista con un pasado oscuro y con una exesposa que no ve desde hace mucho, y Shakra, un compañero de universidad obcecado en la destrucción de Halifax .
a veces sales jodido 
shit happens
 'Shit Happens' in the story of two flatmates: Halifax, a ex-journalist with a dark past and long lost ex-wife, and Shakra, a college-drop out bent on Halifax's destruction = "A veces las cosas salen mal" es la historia de dos compañeros de piso: Halifax, un ex-periodista con un pasado oscuro y con una exesposa que no ve desde hace mucho, y Shakra, un compañero de universidad obcecado en la destrucción de Halifax .
a velocidad estelar 
at warp speed
 The article 'Businesses are rushing onto the Net at warp speed' is devoted to the commercial exploitation of the Internet = El artículo "Las empresas están precipitándose hacia la red a velocidad estelar" se dedica a la explotación comercial de Internet.
a vista de pájaro  [Representación del terreno como si se hubiese tomado desde el aire]
bird's eye view
 Cartographic materials are all the materials that represent, in whole or in part, the earth or any celestial body at any scale and include globes; block diagrams; sections; atlases; bird's eye views, etc.
a viva voz  [Referido generalmente a las operaciones de compra y venta donde los comerciantes pujan mediante gestos y/o gritos]
open outcry
 Also revealed is the endangerment of the open outcry trading system as the digital revolution replaces it at many of the world's financial exchanges.
a voces    [Referido generalmente a las operaciones de compra y venta donde los comerciantes pujan mediante gestos y/o gritos]
vociferously
vociferous
open outcry
 This article argues that the OTA report, despite its affirmation of public access to information, is unlikely to cause a redeployment of resources unless librarians argue vociferously that there is a real need for this information.
 The reaction came in 1978 - a vociferous social demand for reading and learning, including a new interest in librarianship.
 Also revealed is the endangerment of the open outcry trading system as the digital revolution replaces it at many of the world's financial exchanges.
a voluntad 
at will
 Once having got into the system, he or she can switch from database to database at will.
a vosotros 
you
 I am glad of the opportunity to discuss this subject for several reasons: firstly, I have been interested in it for some time and would like to share some of my thoughts with you.
a voz en cuello 
at the top of + Posesivo + voice
 It was a time when film directors believed in irreverence - challenging the status quo and dissenting at the top of one's voice.
a voz en grito 
at the top of + Posesivo + voice
 It was a time when film directors believed in irreverence - challenging the status quo and dissenting at the top of one's voice.
¡A vuestra salud! 
Here's to you!
 The simplest toasts are probably 'Cheers!' or 'Here's to you!'.
de la "a" a la "zeta" 
a to z [a/z o a-z]
 Apparently, an 'a to z' sequence offers little possibility of confusion.
de + Número + a + Número 
Número + through + Número
 Program function keys 13 through 24, if available, can be used like PF5 through PF12 to save command chains.
en forma de A 
A-shaped
 With its A-shaped gate through which the west is consumed like water the city cannot be said to have a logic any more.
gripe A 
swine flu
 The global outbreak of swine flu has spread fear through the travel sector, blighting any green shoots of recovery from the financial crisis.
hepatitis A 
hepatitis A
 The author presents a discussion of endemic tropical diseases including cholera, dengue fever, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, malaria, meningitis, rabies, tapeworms, travelers' diarrhea, typhoid fever, and yellow fever.
miembro tipo A 
A-member
 This body normally meets annually, and consists of A-members (representatives of recognized editions), B-members (representatives of revision committees) and C-members (individual experts).
vitamina A 
vitamin A
 Spring onions are an excellent source of vitamin C and their green tops contain beta carotene (vitamin A).
section

CÓMO SE DICE A EN ...

A en inglés se dice to play
Consulta la definición de to y sinónimos de to en el diccionario inglés.

A en francés se dice à play
Consulta la definición de à y sinónimos de à en el diccionario francés.

A en italiano se dice a play
Consulta la definición de a y sinónimos de a en el diccionario italiano.

A en alemán se dice auf play
Consulta la definición de auf y sinónimos de auf en el diccionario alemán.

A en portugués se dice para play
Consulta la definición de para y sinónimos de para en el diccionario portugués.

Tendencias de uso de la palabra a

Tendencias
TENDENCIAS
section

TENDENCIAS DE USO ACTUALES DEL TÉRMINO «A»

El término «a» es muy utilizado habitualmente y ocupa la posición 1 de nuestra lista de términos más usados del diccionario de español.
0
100
FRECUENCIA
Muy usado
100
/100
stars
info
En el mapa anterior se refleja la frecuencia de uso del término «a» en los diferentes paises.
Principales tendencias de búsqueda y usos comunes de a
6
a rae
info
Listado de las príncipales búsquedas realizadas por los usuarios para acceder a nuestro diccionario de español en línea y expresiones más usadas con la palabra «a».
section

FRECUENCIA DE USO DEL TÉRMINO «A» A LO LARGO DEL TIEMPO

info
El gráfico expresa la evolución anual de la frecuencia de uso de la palabra «a» en los últimos 500 años. Su implementación se basa en el análisis de la frecuencia de aparición del término «a» en las fuentes impresas digitalizadas del español publicadas desde el año 1500 hasta la actualidad.

Citas, bibliografía en español y actualidad sobre a

Ejemplos
EJEMPLOS DE USO
section

10 CITAS CON «A»

Citas y frases célebres con la palabra a.
1
autor
Alfred Hitchcock
Ver un asesinato por televisión puede ayudarnos a descargar los propios sentimientos de odio. Si no se tienen sentimientos de odio, podrán obtenerse en el intervalo publicitario.
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2
autor
Anatole France
Llamamos peligrosos a los que poseen un espíritu contrario al nuestro, e inmorales a los que no profesan nuestra moral.
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3
autor
Francisco De Quevedo
El mentir de las estrellas es muy seguro mentir, porque ninguno ha de ir a preguntárselo a ellas.
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4
autor
Gaspar Melchor De Jovellanos
Para el hombre laborioso, el tiempo es elástico y da para todo. Sólo falta el tiempo a quien no sabe aprovecharlo.
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5
autor
León Tolstoi
Las lágrimas manan también a través del oro.
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6
autor
Marcel Duchamp
El arte tiene la bonita costumbre de echar a perder todas las teorías artísticas.
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7
autor
Marcel Proust
Lo mismo que el porvenir, el pasado no se saborea todo de una vez, sino grano a grano.
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8
autor
Niccolo Maquiavelo
La liberalidad se devora a sí misma, pues a fuerza de ejercerse se agota.
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9
autor
Omar Khayyam
Abandónate al destino y adáptate a las circunstancias, pues lo que está escrito no se borra porque tú quieras.
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10
autor
Sócrates
Lo que mejor sienta a la juventud es la modestia, el pudor, el amor a la templanza y la justicia. Tales son las virtudes que deben formar su carácter.
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section

10 REFRANES CON LA PALABRA «A»

Recopilación de refranes del refranero popular español con el término a.
refranes
A buen bocado, buen grito.
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refranes
A ti te lo digo, hijuela: entiéndelo tú, mi nuera.
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refranes
A veces logra una flor lo que un diamante no.
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refranes
Ése es loco, que se vacía por henchir a otros.
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refranes
Porfía el arte con la naturaleza sobre quién a quién venza.
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refranes
A burro viejo, poco forraje.
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refranes
A cada santo le llega su día de fiesta.
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refranes
A la hembra desamorada, a la adelfa le sepa el agua.
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refranes
A la madrina, tras la puerta la arrima, y a la comadre, donde la hallares.
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refranes
A la suegra hay que sufrirla, como a la muela picada.
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info
Los refranes recogen el saber popular. Señalan qué actitud conviene adoptar en cada situación, definen la razón de una determinada conducta, extraen las consecuencias de una circunstancia… entrañando en cualquier caso un fin didáctico y aleccionador y convirtiendo la anécdota humana en tema de reflexión.

Los primeros refranes escritos se remontan a la Edad Media y versan sobre todo lo cotidiano (trabajos del campo, la iglesia, los hombres, mujeres, etc…).

Miguel de Cervantes, en Don Quijote de la Mancha escribe: "los refranes son sentencias breves, sacadas de la experiencia y especulación de nuestros antiguos ancianos". Seguirá diciendo Don Quijote sobre la utilidad de los refranes: "cualquiera de los que has dicho [, Sancho,] basta para dar a entender tu pensamiento" (Segunda parte, capítulo XVII).
section

10 LIBROS DEL ESPAÑOL RELACIONADOS CON «A»

Descubre el uso de a en la siguiente selección bibliográfica. Libros relacionados con a y pequeños extractos de los mismos para contextualizar su uso en la literatura.
1
Aprendiendo a trabajar
Aprendiendo a trabajar es, hoy en día, un clásico de los estudios de sociología y antropología.
autorPaul Willis, Paul E. Willis, 1988
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2
Aprenda a Interpretar Dibujos
Este libro acerca al lector al estudio de la personalidad a travŽs de la interpretaci—n de los dibujos.
autorAlicia Perez Cali, 2003
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3
Aprender a Amar De Nuevo / Rebuilding: When your ...
El doctor Bruce Fisher, especialista por más de 25 años en el trabajo con personas separadas, divorciadas y viudas, aborda en este libro la manera de encarar y manejar los fuertes y diversos sentimientos que una separación provoca, por ...
autorBruce Fisher, 2005
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4
Desarrollo profesional docente: cómo se aprende a enseñar?
El desarrollo profesional docente y el análisis de los procesos de ?aprender a enseñar? ha sido una constante en la preocupación de los investigadores educativos en las últimas décadas.
autorCarlos Marcelo García, Denise Vaillant, 2009
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5
CÓMO VENCER EL MIEDO AL AGUA Y APRENDER A NADAR
Desde hace treinta años, Jean Fouace enseña natación a niños y adultos. En Suiza, ha contribuido activamente al desarrollo de la natación para bebés.
autorRoger Zumbrunnen, Jean Fouace, 2006
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6
Introducción a la nanotecnología
La claridad de exposición y la inclusión de introducciones a principios físicos y químicos básicos del tema sujeto a debate, hacen que 'Introducción a la nanotecnología' sea un texto especialmente útil para aquellos que sientan la ...
autorCharles P. Poole, Frank J. Owens, 2007
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7
La meditación paso a paso
Artífices pero también esclavos de una época que nos reclama cada vez más rapidez y eficacia, todos volveremos a encontrar en La meditación paso a paso ese sosiego tan deseado que nos reconcilia con la parte más honda de nuestro ...
autorDalai Lama Dalai Lama, 2010
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8
Terapia familiar paso a paso
Based on the idea that world salvation can be achieved by first saving the family unit, this book emerges from the tensions, arguments, disagreements, and other dysfunctions that affect modern family life.
autorVirginia Satir, 2007
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9
Abrace a sus clientes
El libro describe la filosofía de ventas que sigue la empresa Mitchells/Richards una compania familiar de 65 millones de dólares y posee dos tiendas de ropa de alta calidad en Connecticut.
autorJack Mitchell, 2008
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10
Canto a mí mismo. Paráfrasis de León Felipe
Y así nos entrega, vibrando en este libro, en castellano, los versos de Walt Whitman, el poeta de América, el hijo de la tierra más que de la sangre, el viejo camarada de Long Island.
autorWalt Whitman, 2001
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section

10 NOTICIAS EN LAS QUE SE INCLUYE EL TÉRMINO «A»

Conoce de qué se habla en los medios de comunicación nacionales e internacionales y cómo se emplea el término a en el contexto de las siguientes noticias.
1
La felicidad de volver a verte
Entonces tampoco imaginaba que aquella chica a la que nunca se había atrevido a hablarle de amor iba a convertirse en el verdadero camino hacia la plenitud ... «LA NACION, May 16»
2
Una fuerte presión condiciona a Macri
Las necesidades sociales empiezan a representar un acecho para Mauricio Macri. Este acecho atentaría contra uno de los pilares del plan presidencial para ... «Clarín.com, May 16»
3
Rajoy promete a Bruselas nuevos recortes “en la segunda mitad del …
En la misiva, el presidente defiende los esfuerzos realizados por España y se compromete a rebajar el déficit “en el difícil entorno político actual y a pesar de ... «EL PAÍS, May 16»
4
Ayudar a un pueblo hermano
Y es lo que sentimos los españoles. Queremos a los venezolanos. No podemos ser indiferentes al drama humanitario, político y económico que están sufriendo ... «EL PAÍS, May 16»
5
Trump echa del despacho a un periodista argentino por hablar …
El equipo de campaña suspendió una grabación que había solicitado el reportero Marcos Stupenengo, porque antes de empezar a filmar habló por teléfono en ... «Clarín.com, May 16»
6
A ver quién traduce esto: 14 expresiones que solo entendemos los …
Digan lo que digan las matemáticas, a veces en una suma de componentes el resultado final no tiene nada que ver con los elementos iniciales. Como muestra ... «EL PAÍS, May 16»
7
Cómo arruinarse con el juego a los 15 años
A partir de ahí, empezó a jugar cada vez más fuerte: 10 euros, 20 euros... Tenía sólo 16 años y, en teoría, no podía jugar: la ley impide a los menores apostar y, ... «El Mundo, May 16»
8
A la desesperada
La burda apelación a una fantasmagórica intervención militar extranjera en Venezuela, como excusa para institucionalizar definitivamente el autoritarismo, ... «EL PAÍS, May 16»
9
Un juez procesa por primera vez a Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
El juez federal argentino Claudio Bonadío ha decidido procesar por primera vez en su vida a Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, pero no por un asunto de ... «EL PAÍS, May 16»
10
Mis consejos a los Kirchner y a Macri
Aunque Cristina y Máximo me siguen pagando un sueldo, y por lo tanto me debo a ellos, muchos creen que, como decenas de kirchneristas por estos tiempos, ... «LA NACION, May 16»
section

IMÁGENES SOBRE «A»

a
APA
REFERENCIA
« LEXICOON. A [en línea] - Edición 3.9 (Ene 2017). Disponible en <http://lexicoon.org/es/a> »
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